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Zoological and Botanical Survey of India

Zoological and Botanical Survey of India

Zoological Survey of India

  • The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) is a premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies.
  • It was established to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna.
  • The ZSI functions under the MoEFCC, Government of India. Its functions include:
  1. Exploring, surveying, inventorying and monitoring of faunal diversity in various states, selected ecosystems and protected areas of India.
  2. Taxonomic studies of the faunal components collected.
  3. Status survey of threatened and endemic species and preparation of Red Data Book
  4. Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing studies on recorded animal diversity as well as on threatened species.
  • The Red Data Book is the government document established for documenting rare and endangered species of animals, plants and microorganisms.
  • It is different from the Red List prepared by the IUCN.

Botanical Survey of India

  • The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is a premier Indian organisation in plant research and studies.
  • It was established to promote the survey, exploration and research of the flora.
  • The BSI functions under the MoEFCC, Government of India. Its functions include:
  1. To survey the plant resources of the country.
  2. To undertake and complete taxonomic studies of all the flora of the country.
  3. To enlist the endangered species, to undertake measures for effective conservation.
  4. To collect and maintain germplasm and gene bank of endangered, patent and vulnerable species.
  5.  To act as the custodian of authentic collections in well planned herbaria and documenting plant resources in the form of local, district, state and national flora.

Taxonomy

  • Taxonomy is the science of naming, describing and classifying organisms. The organisms include all plants, animals and microorganisms of the world.
  • Unfortunately, taxonomic knowledge at present is far from complete.                      Zoological and Botanical Survey of India

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Environment & Biodiversity

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