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WORLD HERITAGE SITES

WORLD HERITAGE SITES

  • The UNESCO declares a site with outstanding universal value as world cultural or natural heritage site.
  • Declaration as world heritage site helps in securing international cooperation in preserving the heritage sites.
  • Until 2004, there were six criteria for cultural heritage and four criteria for natural heritage.
  • In 2005, a single set of ten criteria was adopted for both cultural as well as natural heritage sites.
  • Nominated sites must be of ‘outstanding universal value’ and meet at least one of the ten criteria.

Cultural Criteria 

The following are the criteria for a cultural site:

  1. If the site represents a masterpiece of human creative genius and cultural significance.
  2. If it exhibits an important interchange of human values on developments in architecture or technology.
  3. If it bears a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared.
  4. If it is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history.
  5. If it is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment, especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.                WORLD HERITAGE SITES
  6. If it is directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.

Natural Criteria

The following are the criteria for a natural site:

  1. If the site contains supejlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
  2. If it is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms or significant physiographic features.                    WORLD HERITAGE SITES
  3. If it is an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of ecosystems and communities of plants and animals.
  4. If it contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

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Environment & Biodiversity

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