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World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

Why in news?

  • The World Bank has published the World Development Report 2021:Data for Better Lives.
  • The World Development Report 2021 provides a blueprint on how to harness the power of data for development, to ensure no one is left behind.

Recommendations of report

  • Increase Data use to Realize Value: The experts also flagged gaps in understanding data and its governance in developing contexts. So, they recommend that efforts should be made to improve data literacy and expand access for all specially, the vulnerable groups.
  • New Social Contract for Data: Global South experts recommends that different stakeholders like civil society and academia, are key to help in improving transparency and contribute towards development.
  • Equitable access: The experts raised concerns on how public and private systems for data do not capture poor people or vulnerable groups. So, it recommends, marginalized people need a better representation across data systems.
  • Integrated national data systems. Experts further highlight difficulties for countries which are suffering from poverty, fragility and poor governance in designing high-quality data systems. So, they recommend for increased investments in physical and human capital to have integrated national data systems.
  • Protect people from data misuse: Experts further recommends on issues related to governance arrangements and systems using which data flow so as to ensure that they are safe, ethical and secure.
  • The report further proposes several ways in which data can be used more effectively so as to improve development outcomes through program design, better public policies and service delivery to improved market efficiency and private sector growth led job creation.

Elements Of A Social Contract For Data

  • The Social Contract For Data: To get more value out of data while protecting people against harm and ensuring access and representation. Different data-creating and data-using parties need to safely collaborate.
  • The three elements of a social contract for data: Value, Equity and Trust

Data Gaps In India | World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

  • Echoed concerns on assessment of global poverty by the World Bank, which has been skewed due to absence of data on poverty from India.
  • India monitors 54 out of the 130 SDG indicators. While the overall number of monitored indicators has gone up, the country has dropped four indicators from its tracking list.
  • The report called for strategic repurposing of existing data.

Some Steps Taken By India | World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

  • National Data Sharing & Accessibility Policy (NDSAP):
    • The National Policy is expected to increase the accessibility and easier sharing of non-sensitive data amongst the registered users and their availability for scientific, economic and social developmental purposes.
  • Open Government Data (OGD) Platform:
    • To provision an enabling Platform to provide proactive and open access to the data generated.
    • To increase Transparency, Accountability, Citizen Engagement, Collaboration, Better Governance, Decision making & Innovation.
    • Paradigm Shift in Governance – Direct Delivery of Services to Citizens, Setting up a Platform for Collaboration, Innovation in delivery of Services to Citizens.

What can be done?

  • International cooperation: The Report called for International cooperation to harmonise regulations and coordinate policies so that the value of data can be harnessed to benefit all, and to inform efforts toward a green, resilient and inclusive recovery.
  • Participation of the Poor: Data offers tremendous potential to create value by improving programs and policies, driving economies, and empowering citizens. The perspective of poor people has largely been absent from the global debate on data governance and urgently needs to be heard. World Development Report 2021: Data For Better Lives

 

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