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What role can India play in south and north Korea Current Affairs Class 11

What role can India play in south and north Korea Current Affairs Class 11

Link to the class:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_lqBOJK0WY

Why in news?

  • The recent 4-day visit of the South Korean President to India , Moon Jae-in offers scope for India’s role in reconciliation between the North and the South Koreas.

What are the ongoing developments?

  • Talks between US Secretary of State and his hosts in North Korea ended in accusations.
  • This has impacted the American diplomacy on denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula.
  • America demands for a quick and comprehensive denuclearization of North Korea.
  • However, North Korea’s agenda on political and military trust building is a challenge.
  • On the other hand, South Korean President is particular of reconciliation between the two Koreas.
  • Amidst this, Moon’s visit to Delhi offers possibility for strengthening India’s role in the Korean Peninsula.

What made India a part of all this?

  • Independent India played a significant role in the Korean Peninsula.
  • This was especially in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War.
  • India also maintained diplomatic relations with the North and South during the Cold War.
  • With 1991 economic reforms, South Korea became an important participant in India’s economy.
  • Russia and China also increased their collaboration with South Korea for economic gains.
  • Resultantly, the socialist North Korea was increasingly isolated.
  • It looked for making up for the loss of its old communist allies.
  • It thus started focussing on developing nuclear capability.
  • Eventually, the Indian Subcontinent became a part of North Korea’s strategy.
  • North Korea’s atomic quest found convergences with that of Pakistan.
  • North Korea and Pakistan thus stepped up their nuclear and missile cooperation.
  • Certainly, this strained the India’s relationship with North Korea.

What is the possible role of India?

  • India is now in a position to develop a more strategic view of the Korean Peninsula.
  • For South Korean President is increasingly seeking reconciliation with the North there is much international skepticism about the prospects for this peace.
  • Given this, Indian support for reconciliation would be of great political value to South Korea.
  • Importantly, it will align Delhi with the long-term interests of the Korean people.
  • For, they had been the victims of troubles in the divided peninsula over the last 7 decades.

What are the challenges?

  • The post-Cold War Asian landscape is shifting.
  • The relations between major powers – US, Russia, China and Japan – are strained.
  • This is a new challenge that Asia had not to deal with in decades.
  • Meanwhile, prosperity brought by globalization to Asia over the recent decades is under stress.
  • Measures against free trade and open borders, by the Western leaders are contributing to this.

What lies ahead?

  • South Korea has announced a “New Southern Policy”.
  • This looks beyond Northeast Asia to focus on Southeast Asia, Australia and India.
  • Likewise, India’s Act East policy now has a much wider coverage, the Indo-Pacific.
  • These strategies should be taken forward, to reap the benefits of geopolitical developments.
  • With global trade war unfolding, Delhi and Seoul have an urgent need to liberalize the bilateral trade relations.
  • The two sides also need to focus on expanding bilateral security and defense cooperation.
  • They should work with other countries to promote a stable Asian balance of power system
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