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What is the syllabus for IAS?

What is the syllabus for IAS (Civil Services) exam ?

The UPSC divides the Civil Services Exam into three successive stages:

1: Preliminary Examination (Objective)

2: Mains Examination (Subjective)

3: Personality Test (Verbal)

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

  • Syllabus for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)Current events of national and international importance.History of India and Indian National Movement.Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science.
  • Syllabus for CSAT Paper (Prelims Paper II)Comprehension Interpersonal skills including communication skills Logical reasoning and analytical ability Decision-making and problem solving General mental ability Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Phase 2: UPSC Mains Exam (1750 Marks)

  • The Mains examination constitutes the 2nd phase of the Civil Services Examination. Only after successfully qualifying in the prelims exam would the candidates be allowed to write the IAS Mains.
  • The Mains exam tests the candidate’s academic talent in depth and his/her ability to present his/her understanding according to the requirements of the question in a time-bound manner.
  • The UPSC Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of which two are qualifying papers of 300 marks each.
  • The two qualifying papers are:Any Indian Language English Language Paper

The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates who attain 25% marks in both the language papers as a minimum qualifying standard in these qualifying papers, will be taken cognizance of, for evaluation.

In case a candidate does not qualify in these language papers, then the marks obtained by such candidates will not be considered or counted.

Structure of the language papers:

The types of questions asked are –

  1. Essay – 100 marks
  2. Reading Comprehension – 60 marks
  3. Precis Writing – 60 marks
  4. Translation:
  • English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks
  • Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
  1. Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks

The rest of the seven papers can be written in any of the languages mentioned under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or in English.

UPSC Mains Syllabus

Paper

Subject

Marks

Paper – I

Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)

250

Paper – II

General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)

250

Paper – III

General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)

250

Paper – IV

General Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)

250

Paper – V

General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)

250

Paper – VI

Optional Subject – Paper I

250

Paper – VII

Optional Subject – Paper II

250

The UPSC Mains syllabus gives a list of 48 Optional Subjects which include Literature of different languages.

Phase 3: IAS Interview/UPSC Personality Test (275 Marks)

  • Candidates who qualify the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the ‘Personality Test/Interview’. These candidates will be interviewed by a Board appointed by the UPSC.
  • The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in the civil services by a board of competent and unbiased observers.
  • The interview is more of purposive conversation intended to explore the mental qualities and analytical ability of the candidate.
  • The Interview test will be of 275 marks and the total marks for written examination is 1750. This sums up to a Grand Total of 2025 Marks based on which the final merit list will be prepared.

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