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WAVELL PLAN

WAVELL PLAN

  • Lord WaveLL, the Governor-General of India, with a view to resolving the deadlock in Indian politics set forth his plan which is famous in history as the ‘WaveII Plan (1945).

THE MOST IMPORTANT POINTS IN THE WAVELL PLAN WERE AS FOLLOWS:

  1. Formation of an interim government before proceeding for the work of framing Constitution.
  2. The proposed interim government was to have a balanced representation of the main communities including equal proportion of Muslims and Caste Hindus.
  3. All members of the Central Executive Council barring the Governor-General and the Commander-in-Chief were to be Indians.
  4. Defence of India was to be in the hands of a British General till Power was transferred to the Indian hands.         WAVELL PLAN

With a view to discussing the proposals with the Indian political leaders WaveLL summoned a conference at Simla on 25 June, 1945. But the Simla Conference ended in a failure.

CONGRESS’ STAND

  • Congress objected to the plan as an attempt to reduce the congress to the status of caste Hindu party and insisted on its right to include members of all communities”

MUSLIM LEAGUE’S STAND

  • League wanted all Muslim members to be League nominees, because it feared since the aims of other minorities- depressed classes, Sikhs, Christians etc- were the same as congress, this arrangement would reduce the League to 1/3rd minority.                                  WAVELL PLAN
  • The league claimed some kind of veto in the council with decisions opposed to Muslims needing a 2/3rd majority for approval.

WAVELL’S MISTAKE

  • WaveLL announced a breakdown of talks thus giving the League a virtual veto.
  • This strengthened the League’s position, as evident from the elections in 1945-46 and boosted Jinnah’s position; and exposed the real character of the conservative govt of Churchill.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/muslim-league-support-to-congress-in-1920/

Modern History

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