Wassennar Arrangement EDITORIAL DECODE 26-12-2017
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- Before its nuclear weapons test in 1998, India was considered a nuclear capable country but was not recognised as one.
- This meant that there was no formal recognition that India was capable of producing both nuclear power and nuclear weapons.
- The reason for this was mainly because India had not acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which aims to prevent spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology and promote nuclear disarmament, which India considered discriminatory since it could do so only as a non-nuclear power.
- That would mean that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council — the U.S., the U.K., China, France and Russia — coincidentally all nuclear powers, would in effect continue to deny India the recognition as a nuclear power as well, even though it was widely acknowledged as a nuclear capable country after the 1974 “peaceful nuclear explosion” at Pokhran.
- India wanted to break out into the open and be recognised as a nuclear power like the other nuclear countries and be part of the global nuclear order.
- For that to happen, India needed to be recognised as a nuclear power and be made part of the global non-proliferation architecture.
- There are four groupings of countries that multilaterally work to prevent and address proliferation of nuclear weapons: i) Wassenaar Arrangement, ii) Missile Control Technology Regime (MCTR), iii) Australia Group and iv) Nuclear Suppliers Group.
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