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UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF)

UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF)

Why in news?

  • India has announced to gift 200,000 doses of COVID-19 vaccine to the UN peacekeeper forces for free.
  • The announcement was made by the External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar while addressing the UN Security Council meeting on COVID-19.

About UN Peacekeeping Force (UNPKF)

  • United Nations Peacekeeping is a joint effort between the Department of Peace Operations and the Department of Operational Support.
  • Every peacekeeping mission is authorized by the Security Council.
  • The United Nations Peacekeepers ensure that peace agreements/accords are implemented in warzones.
  • They give help through confidence-building measures, electoral support, improving law and order and bolstering social development that will bring positive economic changes.
  • The financial resources of UN Peacekeeping operations are the collective responsibility of UN Member States. 
  • According to UN Charter every Member State is legally obligated to pay their respective share for peacekeeping.
  • UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles:
    • Consent of the parties.
    • Impartiality
    • Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate.
  • According to the UN Peacekeeping, currently a total of 94,484 personnel are serving in 12 peacekeeping operations across the world led by the Department of Peace Operations.
  • A total of 121 nations are contributing uniformed personnel to the UN peacekeeping missions.
  • India has been contributing among the largest troop to peacekeeping missions of the UN.

India and the UN Peacekeeping

  • India has consistently been among the top troop contributing nations to the UN and is the fifth largest with 5,424 personnel in eight countries.
  • India has a long tradition of sending women on UN peacekeeping missions.
  • In 2007, India became the first country to deploy an all-women contingent to a UN peacekeeping mission.
  • India’s contribution to the regular budget is 0.83% and 0.16% of the peacekeeping budget.
  • India has so far participated in 51 of the 71 missions and contributed over 2 lakh personnel.
  • It has troop deployment in Lebanon, Golan Heights, Congo and South Sudan in addition to staff officers in other missions.
  • India has also set up two field hospitals in South Sudan and one in Congo.
  • Since 2018, India has co-opted a contingent from Kazakhstan at the mission in Lebanon.

 

Mussoorie Times

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