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The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme

The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme

Why in news?

  • The Centre plans to issue a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country within a year’s time.
  • The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme has been launched in 10 States in the year 2021 and will be rolled out across the country by March 2022.

About The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme

  • Under the scheme, a 14-digit identification number will be issued to every plot of land in the country.
  • It is being described as “the Aadhaar for land” — a number that would uniquely identify every surveyed parcel of land and prevent land fraud, especially in rural India, where land records are outdated and disputed.
  • This is the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP), which began in 2008.
  • The identification will be based on the longitude and latitude of the land parcel, and is dependent on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
  • The scheme will enhance the service deliveries to the citizen of the country and will also function as inputs to the schemes of the other sectors like Agriculture, Finance Disaster Management etc.


  • A link of all property transactions will get established.
  • Benefits are to ensure uniqueness in all transactions and keep the land records always up-to-date.
  • Sharing of land records data across departments, financial institutions and all stakeholders.
  • Delivery of citizen services of land records through the single window.

Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme

  • It is a Central Sector scheme that has been extended up to 2020-21 at a total cost of Rs. 950 crores.
  • The Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural development) has proposed a further extension to 2023-24, to complete its original targets as well as expand its ambit with a slew of new schemes.
  • The main aims of DILRMP are to usher in a system of updated land records, automated and automatic mutation, integration between textual and spatial records, inter-connectivity between revenue and registration, to replace the present deeds registration and presumptive title system with that of conclusive titling with title guarantee.
  • The DILRMP has 3 major components
    • Computerization of land record
    • Survey/re-survey
    • Computerization of Registration.


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