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The Revival and Repression of Revolutionary Terrorism

The Revival and Repression of Revolutionary Terrorism

  • The revolutionaries faced repression during the World War-I. They were released on good will basis by the Government for the Montford reforms to take proper shape in the country.
  • These revolutionaries when released were attracted by the Non-Cooperation Movement and they participated with full strength. But due to the sudden halt of the NCM, these revolutionaries were left with no direction to look towards.
  • This created frustration among them with a feeling that they are not contributing to the full potential of their youth.
  • They were not attracted by the parliamentary work of the Swarajists and not even by the undramatic, constructive work of the No-Changers.
  • This led to their inclination once again towards revolutionary work which resulted in the rise of nationalist revolutionary terrorist activities.
  • There were two groups working simultaneously, One in Punjab-UP-Bihar and another in Bengal.                                The Revival and Repression of Revolutionary Terrorism


  1. Upsurge of the working class trade unionism; the revolutionaries wanted to harness this new emergent class for national revolution
  2. Success of Russian revolution
  3. New rising communist groups across India
  4. Inspiring journals like: Atmasakti, Sarathi and Bijoli emphasizing self sacrifice of revolutionaries                                      The Revival and Repression of Revolutionary Terrorism
  5. Textbooks, Novels as sources of inspiration e.g.: Bandi Jiwan by Sachin Sanyal and Pather Dabi by Sarat Chandra Chatterjee (these were banned by Govt but this increased their popularity)


  • The virtual failure of the Non-cooperation Movement and the gloom that descended on the nationalist scene again created conditions calling for bold and revolutionary activities.
  • The old Anushilan and Yugantar sarnities reappeared in Bengal and revolutionary organizations erupted in almost all important towns of Northern India.
  • A new development was, however, the feeling that better results could be achieved only through an all-India organization and better coordination. Hence a meeting of revolutionaries from all parts of India was called at Kanpur in October, 1924.
  • The deliberations resulted in the setting up of Hindustan Republican Association subsequently reorganized as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (H.S.R.A) with provincial units in Bengal, Bihar, UP, Delhi, Punjab and Madras.                                        The Revival and Repression of Revolutionary Terrorism


Modern History

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