The Fact Class On The Structure Of Indian Constitution
Introduction | The Fact Class On The Structure Of Indian Constitution
- The constitution of India is considered as the supreme law of our country that frame the outline of fundamental political principles, establishing the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government establishments. It also sets the fundamental rights, directive principles, and duties of a citizen. The constitution we have today has gone through a very interesting journey, thus, has many exciting facts that you must know.
The Longest Constitution in the World
- The constitution of India is the longest constitution in the world having 26 Parts, 12 Schedules, 448 Articles.
- Till now it has gone through a total of 101 amendments.
- We have the Constitution in both the scripts; Hindi and English.
- The Indian Constitution has a total of 117,369 words in its English language version.
The Original Copies Are Stored in Special Cases
- The original copies of the Indian Constitution, written in Hindi and English, are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
The Constitution Wasn’t Typed or Printed
- Both the versions of the Constitution, Hindi and English, were handwritten.
The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy.
- He used 254 pen-holder nibs of NO.303 and devoted his six months to complete the writing.
- He was allotted a room in Constitution House by the Government of India to execute the prominent work.
- Instead of charging any kind of remuneration, he had asked permission to write his name on every page of the constitution and the name of his grandfather with his name on the last page.
Father of the Indian Constitution, Dr Ambedkar, Was Ready to Burn It
- On 2 September 1953 while debating how a Governor in the country should be invested with more powers, Dr Ambedkar argued strongly in favour of amending the Constitution.
- “My friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that may be if our people want to carry on they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognise you is to harm democracy.” I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities.
Each Page Was Decorated by Artists from Shantiniketan | The Fact Class On The Structure Of Indian Constitution
- Our Constitution might not be one of the most recited scripts but is an example of hand crafted creativity.
- This momentous task of accomplishing the art work in every page of Constitution was handed over to Acharya Nandalal Bose in Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan along with his students.
- Nandalal Bose himself painted the major images and guided his students in designing other art work.
- The most important page of Constitution “The Preamble”, also called as the face of Constitution, was decorated by Beohar Rammanohar Sinha, one of Nandalal Bose’s student.
Constitution Narrating an Extensive Journey
- Our Constitution came into force after a long expedition with Constituent Assembly.
- The Constituent Assembly set Drafting Committee on 29th August 1947 to prepare a Draft Constitution under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, also known as “Father of Indian Constitution”.
- The Assembly has discussed and passed 2473 amendments out of 7635 tabled. It took exactly two years, eleven months. and seventeen days for the Assembly in drafting the constitution.
- After getting the final draft, Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November 1949 and on 24th January 1950, 284 members signed the Constitution.
- When they were signing, it was raining heavily outside that was considered as a good sign.
- And finally, after 2 days on 26th January 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and thus we celebrated our First Republic Day.
2,000 Amendments Were Made to the First Draft
- When the draft was prepared and put up for debate and discussion, over 2000 amendments were made before it was finalised. ( The Fact Class On The Structure Of Indian Constitution)
26 November 1949: The Final Draft Was Ready
- The Constituent Assembly sat for a total of 11 sessions. The 11th session was held between 14-26 November 1949. On 26 November 1949, the final draft of the Constitution was ready.
Indian Constitution, a Bag of Borrowings
- Our Constitution is a result of experiences gained by other Constitutions across the globe.
- “Parliamentary form of Government, Rule of Law, Law making procedure, Single Citizenship, Institution of Speaker, Doctrine of pleasure tenure of civil servants” are taken from the British Constitution.
- “Judicial System, Fundamental Rights” are taken from the American Constitution.
- “Federal System with a strong central authority, Residual powers,
- Centre State Relation” are taken from the Canadian Constitutions.
- “Directive Principles, Elections of the President of India” are taken from the Irish Constitution.
- “Concurrent list, Freedom of Trade and Service within Country” are taken from the Australian Constitution.
- “Emergency Provision” from the Weimar Constitution.
- “Five Year Plans, Fundamental Duties” from the Soviet Constitution.
- “Office of the Governor, Powers of the federal jury” from the Govt. of India Act 1935.
- “Amendment of Constitution” from the South African Constitution.
26 January 1950: The National Emblem of India Was Adopted
- The National Emblem was adopted on 26 January 1950 – the day India was declared a republic with its Constitution coming into effect.
- A representation of Lion Capital of Ashoka was initially adopted as the emblem of the Dominion of India in December 1947.
- The current version of the emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic.
Based on a Series of Statutes Enacted by the British Parliament | The Fact Class On The Structure Of Indian Constitution
- Prior to the Constituent Assembly that convened in 1948 to draft the Indian Constitution adopted in 1950 and still in force to date, the fundamental law of India was mostly embodied on a series of statutes enacted by the British Parliament.
Basic Structure of the Constitution Stands on the Government of India Act, 1935
- The Government of India Act 1935 was originally passed in August 1935 and is said to be the longest Act of (British) Parliament ever enacted by that time. The 1935 Act was the second installment of constitutional reforms passed by British Parliament for implementing the ideal of responsible government in India.