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The Coming of the Europeans : French & Danish

The Coming of the Europeans : French & Danish

French           

  • The French East India Company was formed by Colbert under state patronage in 1664 The first French factory was established at Surat by Francois Caron in 1668. Laster Maracara set up a factory at Masulipatam in 1669.
  • A small village was acquired from the muslim governor of Valikondapuram by Francois Martin and Ballenger de Lespinay in 1673. The village developed into Pondicherry and it’s first governor was Francois Martin. Also, Chandernagore in Bengal was acquired from the Mughal governor in 1690.  The Coming of the Europeans : French & Danish
  • The French in India declined between 1706 and -; /20 which led to the reconstitution of the company in 1 .The French power in India was revived under Lenoir and Dumas between 1720 and 1742. They occupied Mahe in the Malabar and Yanam in Coromandel in 1725 and Karaikai in Tamil Nadu in 1739.
  • The arrival of Dupleix as the French governor in India in 1742 saw the beginning of Anglo-French conflict in the Carnatic wars from 1746 to 1760 resulting in their final defeat in India.  The Coming of the Europeans : French & Danish

Danish

  • The Danes formed an East India Company and arrived in India in 1616.
  • They established settlements at Tranquebar in Tamil Nadu in 1620 and at Serampore in Bengal in 1676. Serampore was their headquarters in India.
  • However, they failed to strengthen themselves in India and were forced to sell all their settlements in India to the British in 1845.  The Coming of the Europeans : French & Danish

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/british-foreign-policy-during-independence-movement/

Medieval History

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