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SVAMITVA Scheme

SVAMITVA Scheme

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj has issued guidelines regarding the SVAMITVA scheme. The scheme was launched on the National Panchayati Raj Day (April 24).

About SVAMITVA Scheme

  • The full form of SVAMITVA is Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas
  • Under the scheme, the latest surveying technology such as drones will be used for measuring the inhabited land in villages and rural areas.
  • The mapping and survey will be conducted in collaboration with the Survey of India, State Revenue Department and State Panchayati Raj Department under the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
  • The drones will draw the digital map of every property falling in the geographical limit of each Indian village.
  • In each state, the Revenue Department / Land Records Department, along with the State Panchayati Raj Department and the Nodal Ministry will work to carry out the objectives of the scheme
  • The main aim of the scheme is to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India
  • Property Cards will be prepared and given to the respective owners.

What is the SVAMITVA card?

  • Under the Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas scheme, SVAMITVA property cards will be generated for each landowner.
  • This will help them present an official document to the financial institutions in case of using their land/property as an asset in the future.

Objectives

  • Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.
  • To bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
  • To support in preparation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by making use of GIS maps.                SVAMITVA Scheme
  • Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • To reduce property related disputes and legal cases

Stakeholders For Scheme Implementation

The following stakeholders would be involved in carrying out the scheme:

  • Nodal Ministry (Ministry of Panchayati Raj), Govt of India.
  • Survey of India (Technology Implementation Agency)
  • State Revenue department
  • State Panchayati Raj Department
  • Local district authorities.
  • Property owner
  • Gram Panchayat (GP).
  • National Informatics Centre (NIC) – GIS Division

Other line departments having assets in Rural inhabited areas (if any) for preparing comprehensive database.

Significance Of The Scheme

  • The scheme paves the way for using the property as a financial asset by villagers for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Also, this is the first time ever that such a large-scale exercise involving the most modern means of technology is being carried out to benefit millions of rural property owners.

Benefits of the scheme

  • The scheme will help in streamlining planning and revenue collection in rural areas and ensuring clarity on property rights.
  • The scheme will enable creation of better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDPs), using the maps created under this programme.                SVAMITVA Scheme
  • The Gram Panchayats are constitutionally mandated for preparation of Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) for economic development and social justice.
  • The GPDP is based on a participatory process in convergence with schemes of all related Central Ministries/Line Departments related to 29 subjects listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.

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