WHAT WAS SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE SYSTEM?
SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE SYSTEM
- By the late 18th century, the power of the Maratha Empire had weakened in the Indian subcontinent, and India was left with a great number of states, most of them small and weak.
- Many rulers accepted the offer of protection by Lord Wellesley, as it gave them security against attack by their neighbors.
The main principles of a subsidiary alliance were:
- An Indian ruler entering into a subsidiary alliance with the British had to accept the British forces within his territory and also agree to pay for their maintenance.
- The ruler would accept a British Resident in his state.
- An Indian ruler who entered into a subsidiary alliance would not enter into any further alliance with any other power, nor would he declare war against any power without the permission of the British. SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE SYSTEM
- The ruler would not employ any Europeans other than the British, and if he were already doing so, he would dismiss them.
- In case of a conflict with any other state, the ruler would agree upon the resolution decided by the British.
- The ruler would acknowledge the East India Company as the paramount power in India.
- In return for the ruler accepting its conditions, the Company undertook to protect the state from external dangers and internal disorders.
- If the Indian ruler failed to make the payments required by the alliance, then part of their territory was to be taken away as a penalty.
- Under this doctrine, Indian rulers under British protection surrendered the control of their foreign affairs to the British.
- Most disbanded their native armies, instead maintaining British troops within their states to protect them from attack. SUBSIDIARY ALLIANCE SYSTEM
- As British power grew, in most parts of India this became increasingly unlikely that any other power would attack other than the British themselves!