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Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

Why in news?

  • The Central Silk Board (CSB) under the Ministry of Textiles and the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a “convergence model” in order to implement the “Agro-forestry in silk sector” under the “Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme”.
  • The Government of India allocated Rs. 2161.68 crores for three years i.e. 2017-2020 to its Central Sector Scheme ‘Silk Samagra’ for the development of sericulture in the country.

What is Agroforestry?

  • Agroforestry is defined as a land use system which integrates trees and shrubs on farmlands and rural landscapes to enhance productivity, profitability, diversity and ecosystem sustainability.
  • It is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resource management system that, through integration of woody perennials on farms and in the agricultural landscape, diversifies and sustains production and builds social institutions.

About Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme  | Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

  • Agroforestry is known to have the potential to mitigate the climate change effects through microclimate moderation, conservation of natural resources and creation of additional source of livelihood and income opportunities. In order to make agriculture less vulnerable to climatic aberrations, Government of India formulated the National Agroforestry Policy in 2014.
  • The policy recommends for setting up of a Mission or Board to address development of agroforestry sector in an organised manner.
  • The Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) under NMSA is an initiative to this end.
  • The aim of the submission is to expand the tree coverage on farmland in complementary with agricultural crops.

Objectives of Sub-Mission on Agroforestry  

  • To encourage and expand tree plantation in complementary and integrated manner with crops and livestock to improve productivity, employment opportunities, income generation and livelihoods of rural households, especially the small farmers.
  • To ensure availability of quality planting material like seeds, seedlings, clones, hybrids, improved varieties, etc.
  • To popularise various Agroforestry practices/models suitable to different agro ecological regions and land use conditions.
  • To create database, information and knowledge support in the area of agroforestry.
  • To provide extension and capacity building support to agroforestry sector.     (Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme)

Funding for the scheme  | Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

  • It is operational under the funding pattern 60:40 (Central government: State government) basis for all states except for 8 states of North East Region, the hilly states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand where it would be 90:10 fund sharing.
  • For Union Territories (UTs), the assistance will be 100% from the Central government.

Significance  |Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

  • The signing of this MoU aims to incentivize the farmers to take up sericulture based Agroforestry models thereby contributing to the Make in India and Make for the World vision.
  • This linkage will add another dimension to agroforestry for faster returns to the growers as well as support the production of the range of silks that India is famous for.

Silk Production in India  | Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme

  • There are five major types of silk of commercial importance, obtained from different species of silkworms.
  • These are Mulberry, Oak Tasar & Tropical Tasar, Muga and Eri.
  • Except for mulberry, other non-mulberry varieties of silks are wild silks, known as vanya silks.
  • India has the unique distinction of producing all these commercial varieties of silk.
  • South India is the leading silk producing area of the country and is also known for its famous silk weaving enclaves like Kancheepuram, Dharmavaram, Arni, etc.
  • (Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) Scheme)

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/robotics-in-india/

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