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STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY

STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY

  • Prior to Cold war era, external State actors’ role was important with regard to challenges to Country’s Internal Security structure. State actors in world politics are based on the premise of: sovereignty, recognition of statehood, and the control of territory and population.
  • Whereas, Non-state actors (NSA) are entities those participate or act in international relations. They are organizations with sufficient power to influence and cause a change even though they do not belong to any established institution of a state.

Various types of NSAs,

  • International Governmental Organisations such as NATO, UN etc.
  • Non-governmental organizations (NG0s) such as, Amnesty International, Greenpeace etc.
  • Civil society.
  • Multinational corporations—for-profit organizations that operate in multiple sovereign states.
  • The International Media.
  • Violent non-state actors—Armed groups, including groups such as Al-Qaeda or criminal organizations, for example drug cartels.
  • Religious Groups.                                      STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY
  • Transnational diaspora communities—Ethnic or national communities that to influence their original and current territories.
  • Individuals such as high net-worth Individuals, Technical experts etc.

Post Cold-war era, the traditional concept of nation-state experiences an erosion of power and sovereignty. Facilitated by globalization, NSAs challenge nation-state borders and sovereignty claims.                                                                  STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY

These NSAs are not always sympathetic to national interests, but instead are loyal to their group’s/ Corporation’s/ Community’s interests. NSAs challenge the nation-state’s sovereignty over internal matters through advocacy for societal issues, e.g. human rights and the environment.

The role of NSAs, has evolved over a period of time as,

  • States are not the sole players in world politics nor are they necessarily unitary actors as they are composed of competing bureaucracies;
  • Force itself may now be an ineffective instrument of policy;                                                      STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNAL SECURITY
  • The traditional hierarchy of issues with military/security matters dominating economic and social ones is now replaced by an agenda in which a clear hierarchy of issues does not exist.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/challenges-to-good-governance/

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