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Special Programmes for raising Agricultural Production

SPECIAL PROGRAMMES FOR RAISING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

  • NFSM is a centrally-sponsored scheme launched by the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC) in 2007-08.
  • It pursues the resolution of National Development Council (NDC) to increase the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tonnes respectively, over the benchmark levels of production, by the end of Eleventh Five Year Plan period.
  • Various activities of NFSM related to demonstration of improved production technology, distribution of quality seeds of HYVs and hybrids, popularization of newly released varieties, support for micronutrients, etc.
  • The best performing districts are given flexibility to adopt any local area specific interventions as are included in Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP) prepared for the agricultural development of district.
  • 2 crore each will be provided during the 11th Five Year Plan period to those districts which have a programme for two or more crops of the NFSM and Rs. 1 crore to the districts having a programme for any one of the crops.
  • NFSM is being implemented in 476 identified districts of 17 states of the country.
  • NFSM Pulses has received more attention with two initiatives in 2010-11:
  • Merging of the pulse component of the Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) with the NFSM so as to increase the scope and area coverage of the pulses programme. Jharkhand and Assam have also been included under the programme since there is immense potential for pulse promotion in rice (allows.
  • Through a new programme under the NFSM called the Accelerated Pulses Production Programme (A3P), 1000 block demonstrations of technology have been launched from 2010-11.
  • This programme will essentially promote plant nutrients-and plant protection-centric technologies in compact blocks of 1000 ha each for five major pulse crops, namely, tur, moong, urad, gram, and lentil.

After achieving the goal of increasing food grains production by 20 million tonnes, new target has been set to produce additional 25 mn tonnes of food grains by 2016-17.

 Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

  • RKVY was approved by the central government in August 2007 with an allocation of Rs. 25,000 crores for the Eleventh Five Year Plan.  Special Programmes for raising Agricultural Production
  • The idea behind RKVY, as proposed by NDC is to incentivise the states to increase the share of investment in agriculture in their state plans.
  • It aims to achieve 4% annual growth rate in agricultural sector during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period.
  • RKVY will be a State Plan Scheme and the eligibility for assistance under the scheme would depend upon the amount provided in the state budgets for agricultural and allied sectors, over and above the baseline percentage expenditure incurred on the sectors.
  • Under RKVY, some of the broad activities identified for focused attention are — Integrated Development of Food crops, agriculture mechanization, rain-fed farming systems, integrated pest management, market infrastructure, horticulture, animal husbandry etc.

Specific allocation has to be made for the following three new initiatives introduced under the RKVY in 2010-11:

  • Extending the Green Revolution to the eastern region of the country, covering the States of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, eastern UP, and West Bengal, with the objective of increasing the crop productivity of the region by intensive cultivation through recommended agricultural technologies and package of practices.
  • Special initiatives for pulses and oilseeds in dry-land areas by organizing 60,000 pulses and oilseeds villages in identified watersheds where pulse and oilseed farmers are provided with farm machinery and equipment on custom hiring basis. These initiatives dovetail with other schemes of the Government of India having components for promotion of oilseeds and pulses production.
  • Implementation of the National Mission on Saffron — Economic Revival of Jammu & Kashmir’s Saffron sector during 2010-11.  Special Programmes for raising Agricultural Production
  • The RKVY has linked 50 per cent of Central assistance to the percentage of State Plan expenditure on agriculture and allied sectors. This has incentivized States to step up allocation to agriculture and allied sectors.
  • Its convergence with other schemes like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Scheme (MGNREGA) is expected to boost development of the agrarian economy.
  • The States will take up projects under the RKVY primarily from amongst those that appear in their District and State Agriculture Plans.
  • There will be increased synergy between agricultural planning and implementation of schemes in the coming years, which MU play a crucial role in promoting holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors.

The NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY ACT

The NFSA was notified on 10th September 2013, with the objective of providing food and nutritional security, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices.

  • It provides for coverage of upto 75% of rural population and 50% of urban population.
  •   An entitlement of 5kg of food grains per person per month for priority households and 35kg per household per month for Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) household at subsidized prices.
  •   The Act has special focus on nutritional support to women and children.
  •  in case of non supply of entitled foodgrains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive a food security allowance.

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