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Social Impacts Of Urbanization

Social Impacts of Urbanization

Introduction

According to the WHO, Urbanization refers to the process of global scale changing the social and environmental landscape on every continent. Urbanization is a result of population migration from rural areas in addition to natural urban demographic growth.

Social Impacts of Urbanization:

  • Urbanization has just as much impact on social processes as it does on economic and environmental processes.
  • The gathering of economic and human resources in one place stimulates innovation and development in business, science, technology and industry.
  • Access to education, health, social services and cultural activities is more readily available to people in cities than in villages.                                Social Impacts Of Urbanization

Family:

  • Family as an organization is largely affected by the changes in the social structure. Many basic functions of family are now performed by the secondary institutions and associations.
  • The function of child-rearing is then transferred to a secondary institution—the creche or baby-care centre because women are moving out of the house to start earning as there is a need for dual-income families.

Poverty:

  • Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials for a minimum standard of living.
  • The effects of urbanization on poverty at the urban level are drastically different. As cities develop, dramatic increases in property prices are commonplace, which often displaces poorer city-dwellers who cannot afford to live in the area anymore.                                      Social Impacts Of Urbanization
  • Faster urbanization of the population has generally been associated with more rapid poverty reduction in the developing world, although urbanization processes have been more pro-poor in some countries than others.

Unemployment:

  • People are drawn to urban areas in the false hope of a better standard of living, better healthcare and job opportunities. This leads to one of the most obvious effects of urbanization—the growth of crime and slums.

Crime:

  • Poverty and inequality caused due to the rising expectations and a sense of moral outrage that some members of the society are growing rich have contributed to higher and growing levels of crime.
  • Urbanization, rapid economic liberalization, growing mass political upheaval, violent conflict and inappropriate and inadequate policy are the basis of crime in urban areas.

Beggary:

  • Many people, who migrate to the urban centres in search of better opportunities, end up as beggars.
  • The beggars are economically unproductive and almost remain as parasites in the society. Beggary also has social and moral aspects apart from the economic side.

 

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