Security Challenges & their Management in Border Areas
SECURITY CHALLENGES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT IN BORDER AREAS
- India has 15,106.7 km. of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 km. including island territories. The length of the land borders with neighbouring countries is as under:
- Security challenges in Border areas arise due to conflicting claims, porous borders, cross-border hostile activities etc. Along border areas, India faces security challenges like, cross-border terrorism, insurgency, drug trafficking, human trafficking, arms trade, trade of counterfeit currencies.
- Securing the country’s borders against interests hostile to the country and putting in place systems that are able to interdict such elements while facilitating legitimate trade and commerce are among the principal objectives of border management.
- The proper management of borders, which is vitally important for national security, presents many challenges and includes coordination and concerted action by administrative, diplomatic, security, intelligence, legal, regulatory and economic agencies of the country to secure the frontiers and subserve its best interests.
SECURITY CHALLENGES IN BORDER AREAS
India faces many challenges in border areas,
- Border Conflicts
- Increased Cross border terrorism
- Illegal migration
- Separatist movements aided and abetted by external powers
- Infiltration- Expansionist policy of the neighbours (China)
- Left-wing extremism
- Inflow of Counterfeit Currencies
- Illegal trade and commerce
- Arms trade
- Drug trafficking
- Nexus between narcotics and arms smugglers
- Human trafficking
- Support to illegal activities
- Safe haven to criminals
- Infiltration and exfiltration of armed militants
- Emergence of non-state actors. Security Challenges & their Management in Border Areas