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Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020

Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020

Why in news?

  • The labour ministry has notified section 142 of the social security code.
  • The Union government has made Aadhaar mandatory for availing social security benefits, and for registration on a national informal workers’ database being developed for migrants.

Section 142

  • It says that Aadhaar details are compulsory for an employee or unorganised person or any other person to get benefits of government schemes.
  • The benefits can be in kind of cash for medical sickness, availing services of career centre, maternity benefits, receiving payment as insured person, etc.
  • National Data Base for unorganised workers (NDUW) is at an advanced stage of development by National Informatics Centre.            Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020
  • The portal is aimed at collection of data for unorganised workers including migrant workers for the purpose of giving benefits of the various schemes of the Government.  An inter-state migrant worker can register himself on the portal on the basis of submission of Aaadhar alone.

Social Security Code

  • The Social Security Code was introduced in 2019. The main objectives of the code was to club the existing laws. It introduced universal social security for unorganised workers and also health and insurance benefits for gig workers.
  • It merged eights existing laws. This included Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, Employment Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, Employees State Insurance Act, 1948, Compensation Act, 1923.
  • It also established a social security fund and also tapped the corporate social responsibility fund to offer medical, disability and pension benefits to the unorganised sector workers.

The Code on Social Security, 2020 

  • The Code on Social Security, 2020 is a code to amend and consolidate the laws relating to social security with the goal to extend social security to all employees and workers either in the organised or unorganised or any other sectors.      Section 142 of the Social Security Code 2020
  • The Social Security Code, 2020 brings unorganised sector, gig workers and platform workers under the ambit of social security schemes, including life insurance and disability insurance, health and maternity benefits, provident fund and skill upgradation, etc.
  • The act amalgamates 9 central labour enactments relating to social security.



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