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SECOND RTC AND SECOND CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT

SECOND RTC AND SECOND CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT

The Second Round Table Conference, which the Congress had agreed to attend under the Delhi Pact, was held in London in December 1931. Not much was expected from the conference because of the following reasons.

  1. The Right Wing in Britain led by Churchill strongly objected to the British Government negotiating with the Congress on an equal basis. They, instead, demanded a strong government in India. The Labour Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald headed a Conservative-dominated cabinet with a weak and reactionary secretary of state, Samuel Hoare.
  2. An overwhelming majority of RTC delegates were conservative, loyalist, reactionary and communal, men who had been used by the colonial government to assert that the Congress did not represent all Indians vis-a-vis imperialism, and to neutralize Gandhi and his efforts.
  3. The session soon got deadlocked on the question of the minorities. Separate electorates were being demanded by the Muslims, depressed classes, Christians and Anglo-Indians. All these came together in a “Minorities-Pact”. Gandhi fought desperately against this concerted move to make all constitutional progress conditional on the solving of this issue.
  4. Princes were also not as enthusiastic about a federation, especially after the possibility of the formation of a Congress government at the centre had receded after the suspension of civil disobedience movement.                                              SECOND RTC AND SECOND CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT

THE SESSION ENDED WITH MCDONALD’S ANNOUNCEMENT OF

  1. Two Muslim majority provinces- NWFP and Sindh;
  2. The setting up of Indian Consultative Committee;
  3. Three expert committees’ finance, franchise and states; and
  4. The prospect of a unilateral British Communal Award if Indians failed to agree.

The Government failed to concede the basic Indian demand of freedom. Gandhi returned to India on December 28, 1931. On December 29, the CWC decided to resume the civil disobedience movement.                                                                        SECOND RTC AND SECOND CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE MOVEMENT

 

ALSO READ: https://www.brainyias.com/gandhi-irwin-pact/

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