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  • As in many other areas of national importance like economy, polity etc, Jawahar Lal Nehru also established the basic framework for Science and technology in India. He has been the chief architect of Indian scientific endeavor.
  • He was quick to realize the role of Science and technology and believed that the scientific development was the only means to overcome the multifaceted problems faced by the country.
  • He said, “it is science that can solve the problem of hunger and poverty, of insanitation and illiteracy, of superstition and deadening traditions, of vast resources running to waste, of rich country inhabited by starving people.”
  • He therefore decided to Include Science and technology as an integral and crucial part of the nation’s plans and priorities. He along with P.C. Mahlanobis developed and came out with a blue print for the role of Science and technology in the economic planning of the country.
  • Accordingly, various organizations and agencies were established and nurtured for undertaking and coordinating research in various fields of Science and technology and each five-year plan document emphasized and outlined the thrust areas of Science and technology in socio-economic transformation of the country.

One of the most important steps was the adoption of the Scientific Policy resolution of 1958.

The Government of India have set the following aims of the scientific policy

  • to foster, promote, and sustain, by all appropriate means, the cultivation of science, and scientific research in all its aspects – pure, applied, and educational;
  • to ensure an adequate supply, within the country, of research scientists of the highest quality, and to recognize their work as an important component of the strength of the nation;
  • to encourage, and initiate, with all possible speed, programmes for the training of scientific and technical personnel, on a scale adequate to fulfil the country’s needs in science and education, agriculture and industry, and defense;
  • to ensure that the creative talent of men and women is encouraged and finds full scope in scientific activity;
  • to encourage individual initiative for the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge, and for the discovery of new knowledge, in an atmosphere of academic freedom;
  • and, in general, to secure for the people of the country all the benefits that can accrue from the acquisition and application of scientific knowledge.

The Government of India have decided to pursue and accomplish these aims by offering good conditions of service to scientists and according them an honored position, by associating scientists with the formulation of policies, and by taking such other measures as may be deemed necessary from time to time.

The scientific policy resolution of 1958 served as the basic guidelines for future policies and development in S&T in India.




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