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Schemes Of Ministry Of POWER

Schemes Of Ministry Of POWER

Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)

  • The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana is an Indian government scheme intending to provide an uninterrupted power supply to the rural parts of India. The scheme shortened to DDUGJY is christened in honour of political thinker Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
  • Aim: To ensure electrification of all the un-electrified villages by 2017
  • The Scheme draws its inspiration from the similar pioneering scheme implemented by the Government of Gujarat
  • It will enable to initiate much awaited reforms in the rural areas
  • It focuses on feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas
  • The scheme will replace the existing Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
  • Scheme has an outlay of Rs 76000 Cr for implementation

Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana (UDAY)

  • Government of India launched the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) in November 2015. It was designed to turn around the precarious financial position of state power distribution companies (discoms). Discoms are responsible for buying electricity from the generation companies and selling them to consumers.
  • Objectives
    • To improve the financial health and operational efficiency of India’s debtridden power distribution companies (discoms).
    • In long term – affordable and accessible 24×7 Power for All.
  • It aims to reduce the interest burden, reduce the cost of power, reduce power losses in Distribution sector, and improve operational efficiency of DISCOMs.
  • State governments have to take over 75% of their debt and pay back lenders by selling bonds. For remaining 25%, discoms issue bonds.
  • It has ambitious target of making all state DISCOMs profitable by 2018-19. The outcome will be measured through two indicators i.e. Reduction of AT&C loss to 15% by 2018-19 and Reduction in gap between Average cost of Supply and Average Revenue Realised to Zero by 2018-19
  • This is through four initiatives
    • Improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs;
    • Reduction of cost of power;
    • Reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs;
    • Enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with state finances.
  • States shall take over 75% of DISCOM debt as on 30 September 2015 over two years i.e 50% of DISCOM debt shall be taken over in 2015-16 and 25% in 2016-17.
  • Government of India will not include the debt taken over by the states as per the above scheme in the calculation of fiscal deficit (for FRBM) of respective states in the financial years 2015-16 and 2016-17. The scheme availability period has expired on 31-03-2017.
  • States will issue non-SLR including State Development Loans (SDL) bonds in the market or directly to the respective banks / financial institutions (FIs) holding the DISCOM debt to the appropriate extent.
  • DISCOM debt not taken over by the state shall be converted by the banks / FIs into loans or bonds.
  • West Bengal and Odisha are the only two states that have not joined the scheme. Odisha had joined earlier but left. Overall 27 states have joined the scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) | Schemes Of Ministry Of POWER

  • Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – ‘Saubhagya’ was launched in September, 2017.
  • Under Saubhagya free electricity connections to all households (both APL and poor families) in rural areas and poor families in urban areas will be provided.
  • Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) has been designated as nodal agency for the Saubhagya scheme.
  • Objectives
    • To achieve universal household electrification in the country by 31st March 2019.
    • Providing Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) based standalone systems for unelectrified households in remote and inaccessible areas.

National Led Programme  | Schemes Of Ministry Of POWER 

  • Unnat Jyoti by Affordable Leds for All (UJALA)
    • It was launched in 2015 with a target of replacing 77 crore incandescent lamps with LED bulbs and to nullify the high-cost of LEDs that acted as a barrier previously in the adoption of energy-efficient systems.
    • The scheme was implemented to set up a phase-wise LED distribution.
    • The objective is to promote efficient lighting, enhance awareness on using efficient equipment that will reduce electricity bills and preserve the environment.
    • It is the world’s largest domestic lighting project.
  • Street Lighting National Program
  • It is world’s Largest Street Light Replacement Programme.
  • EESL enables municipalities to replace conventional lights with LEDs at no upfront cost.
  • The balance cost is recovered through the municipalities by monetising the energy savings.
  • ULB contracts are typically of 7 years duration, where a minimum energy saving (of typically 50%) is guaranteed.
  • Also, free replacements and maintenance of lights at no additional cost is done by EESL.
  • Objective is to replace India’s 14 million (1.34 crore) conventional street lights with Smart LED variants by 2020.

Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of Efficient Textile Technologies to Help Small Industries (SAATHI)

  • The Powerloom sector in India is predominantly an unorganized sector and has a large number of micro and small units and most of them use obsolete technology. Government is implementing up-gradation of plain Power Looms as part of Power Tex India Scheme with a view to upgrading the technology.
  • The SAATHI (Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help small Industries) initiative will be jointly implemented pan India by EESL and the office of the textile commissioner of India.
  • Key clusters such as Ichalkaranji, Surat, Erode etc have been chosen for the implementation of the initiative.
  • The initiative is based on the aggregation, bulk procurement and financing model that EESL has successfully deployed in several sectors like Electric Vehicles, Smart Met Meters and LED bulbs.
  • Under this initiative, the owner of the unit does not have to allocate any upfront capital cost to procure this equipment. He also does not have to allocate additional expenses for repayment. The repayments by unit owners to EESL will be made from savings that accrue as a result of higher efficiency equipment and cost savings.
  • The aggregation of demand and bulk procurement will lead to a reduction in capital cost and benefits of it will be passed on to power loom units so that their repayment amount and period would reduce.

Integrated Power Development Scheme (For Urban Areas)

  • The Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) is one of the flagship schemes of the Ministry of Power and will be at the core attempt to ensure 24×7 power for all.
  • Objectives
    • Metering of distribution transformers / feeders / consumers in the urban areas.
    • Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks in the urban areas.
    • Schemes for Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and IT enablement of balance urban towns are also included under IPDS. Scope of IT enablement has been extended to all 4041 towns as per Census 2011.
    • IT enablement of distribution sector and strengthening of distribution network under R-APDRP for 12th and 13th Plans by carrying forward the approved outlay for R-APDRP to IPDS.
    • Underground cabling to include additional demand of States and smart metering solution for performing UDAY States and Solar panels on Govt. buildings with net-metering are also permissible under the scheme.

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