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Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS

Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS

Introduction

  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs was carved out of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and created on 29th January, 2006 to ensure a more focused approach towards issues relating to the notified minority communities namely Muslim, Christian, Budhist, Sikhs, Parsis and Jain.

Jiyo Parsi

  • It is a Central sector scheme
  • Jiyo Parsi Publicity Phase-2 was launched in 2017 (phase-1 in 2013)
  • Objective is to reverse the declining trend of Parsi population by adopting a scientific protocol and structured interventions (infertility treatment), stabilize their population and increase the population of Parsis in India.
  • The component of the scheme includes
    • Advocacy: counseling, workshops, etc.
    • Health of the community: crèche/ childcare support, senior citizen honorarium for childcare, assistance to elderly.
    • Medical assistance: financial assistance for Assisted Reproductive technology including IVF and surrogacy
    • Confidentiality
    • Out-reach program/Information, education and communication.

Cyber Gram | Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS 

  • The initiative intends to cover students of Class VI to Class X belonging to Minority Community notified, as per Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minority Act 1992, and residing in areas covered under Multi-sectoral Development Programme.   The vision of this initiative is to make students of minority communities digitally literate.  The initiative is expected to enable the adoption of ICTs by the people of minority communities in key economic and social sectors like Education, Rural Development and Financial Services to promote competitiveness, equality and quality and would be helpful in transforming the life of minorities and facilitating them to earn a livelihood.
  • Its primary objective is to provide hands-on training in computers for the students of Minority Community and to enable them to acquire basic ICT skills that would empower them to:
    • Become digitally literate
    • Actively participate in knowledge based activities
    • Access financial, social and government services
    • Use Internet for communications
    • Reinforcing the learning of trained beneficiaries by providing free Internet access for 30 hours.

Nai Roshni

  • In 2012- 2013, the Government of India launched a welfare scheme under the Ministry of Minority Affairs for the development of minority women in order to inculcate confidence and empower them by providing knowledge and techniques.
  • Objective:
    • Leadership Development of Minority Women
    • To empower and instil confidence among minority women by providing knowledge, tools and techniques for interacting with Government systems, Banks and other institutions at all levels.

Padho Pardesh

  • Objective is To award interest subsidy to meritorious students belonging to economically weaker sections of notified minority communities so as to provide them better opportunities for higher education abroad and enhance their employability.
  • This is a Central Sector Scheme
  • This is an interest subsidy scheme and the Candidate will have to bear the Principal installments and interest beyond moratorium period (Course period).
  • The interest Subsidy shall be linked with the existing Educational Loan Scheme of Indian Banks’ Association (IBA)
  • 35% seats will be earmarked for girl students.
  • The scheme shall be available to the eligible students only once, either for Masters, M.Phil or Ph.D levels.
  • Beneficiaries: Students who belong to minority communities viz. Muslims Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis and want to pursue higher studies i.e. Masters, M.Phil & Ph. D level abroad.

USTTAD- Upgrading The Skill and Training in Traditional Art Craft for Development

  • Objective: Aims at upgrading Skills and Training of minority communities by preservation of traditional ancestral Arts and Crafts.
  • It envisages boosting the skill of craftsmen, weavers and artisans who are already engaged in the traditional ancestral work.
  • Under the scheme, assistance will be provided to traditional artisans to sell their products in order to make them more compatible with modern markets.
  • It is fully funded by Union Government
  • Applicable for all areas in India
  • Hunar Haats are organised by Ministry of Minority Affairs under USTTAD scheme. These Haats provide platforms for marketing the products of master artisans, craftsmen and culinary experts belonging to the minority communities. Hence, it increases the employment and income generation opportunities of the minority communities. Ministry is willing to establish a “Hunar Hub” in all states of the country where artisans will be provided training, as per present requirement.

Nai Manzil | Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS 

  • Nai Manzil Scheme, launched for the first time in Jammu and Kashmir, is an integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities.
  • Under the scheme girls from minority communities will be imparted three month skill development training in seven identified sectors relevant to the region.
  • These include training in saffron processing, food processing, embroidery, computers IT (both software and hardware), Tourism/hospitality, electronics and plumbing. Trainees will also be given stipend of Rs.4500/-for the course.
  • The scheme aims to benefit the minority youths who are school-dropouts or educated in the community education institutions like Madrasas, by providing them an integral input of formal education (up till Class VIII or X) and skill training along with certification.
  • It is a new direction and a new goal for the all out of school/dropped out students and those studying in Madrasas. It is so because they will not be getting formal Class XII and Class X Certificates rendering them largely un-employed in organised sector.
  • The scheme aims at providing educational intervention by giving the bridge courses to the trainees and getting them Certificates for Class XII and X from distance medium educational system and at the same time also provide them trade basis skill training in 4 courses :
    • Manufacturing
    • Engineering
    • Services
    • Soft skills
  • The scheme is intended to cover people in between 17 to 35 age group from all minority communities as well as Madrasa students.

Naya Savera scheme

  • Free Coaching and Allied Scheme with the aim to enhance skills and knowledge of students and candidates from minority communities to get employment in Government Sector/ Public Sector Undertakings, jobs in private sector and admission in reputed institutions in technical and professional courses at under-graduate and post-graduate levels.

Nai Udaan | Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS 

  • Government of India, Ministry of Minority Affairs is implementing the scheme Nai Udaan- Scheme for Support to Minority Students for preparation of Main Examination, who clear Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission, State Public Service Commissions The objective of the Scheme is to provide financial support to the minority candidates clearing Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission, Staff Selection Commission and State Public Service Commissions to adequately equip them to compete for appointment to Civil Services in the Union and the State Governments and to increase the representation of the minority in the Civil Services.
  • Every year up to 2000 candidates will be given financial support under the scheme throughout the country on fulfilling the eligibility criteria till the budgetary allocation is exhausted.
  • Financial support will be availed by candidate for one time only.
  • Selection of the candidates will be based on a first-come-first- serve basis.
  • The distribution of slots for different minorities is based on the data of Census, 2011

Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK)

  • Keeping in mind the educational empowerment and employment oriented skill development of Minority communities, the Central Government renamed and restructured Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK).
  • The programme aims to develop socio-economic and basic amenities assets like school, college, polytechnic, girls hostel, ITI, skill development centre etc for the minority communities.
  • 80% of the resources under the PMJVK have been earmarked for projects related to education, health and skill development.
  • About 33 to 40 % of resources under the PMJVK have been specifically allocated for women-centric projects.
  • The revised scheme is further leading to a lessening of the gap between the national average and the minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.
  • The PMJVK will be implemented in Minority Concentration District Hqrs(MCD Hrs), Minority Concentration Block(MCBs), Minority Concentration Towns(MCTs) falling in 308 districts of 32 States/UTs.
  • The unit area for implementation will include 109 MCD Hqrs, 870 MCBs and 321 MCTs.
  • Moreover, the scheme will also be implemented in Backward Clusters of Minority Concentration Villages (CoMCV). These CoMCV will be identified on the proposal of the States/UTs as per criteria of PMJVK.
  • The PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Goa and Pondicherry.
  • Minority Concentration Areas of 61 districts out of 115 Aspirational districts have been covered under PMJVK.
  • Funding of the scheme would be from budgetary provision of the Ministry of Minority Affairs.

Manas-Maulana Azad National Academy for Skills (MANAS)

  • MANAS is an innovative entrepreneurship and skill development programme.
  • MANAS provide an institutional arrangement to meet all Skill Development/Up-gradation needs of the Minority communities.
  • MANAS comprises of an extensive All India Level, Training Framework based on Collaboration (PPP mode) with leading and reputed Training Providers atNational/ International level.
  • The National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC)will provide assistance with credit for persons who have undergone training at MANAS and wish to establish their own business or be self employed.

Learn and Earn (Seekho Aur Kamao)

  • This a Central Sector scheme
  • It has two components:
    • Placement Linked skill training program for modern trades
    • Skills training program for traditional art forms/crafts/trades
  • The skill training for modern skills must result in 75% placement, out of which 50% should be in organised sector
  • It is a PPP based scheme, and priority will be given to institutions which guarantee 75% placements.
  • SHGs will be created.
  • The main objectives of this scheme are:
    • Reduce the unemployment rate of minorities during 12th Plan period (2012-17).
    • Conserve and update traditional skills of minorities and establish their linkages with the market.
    • Improve employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc. and ensure their placement.
    • Generate means of better livelihood for marginalized minorities and bring them in the mainstream.
    • Facilitate minorities to avail opportunities in the growing market.
    • Develop potential human resource for the nation.
  • The scheme will be implemented for the benefit of the 5 notified minority communities under National Commission for Minorities Act 1992(Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis). However, in the States/UTs where some other minority communities notified by respective State/UT Governments exist, they may also be considered for the programme but they will not occupy more than 5% of the total seats.

Hamari Dharohar | Schemes Of Ministry Of MINORITY AFFAIRS 

  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs formulated “Hamari Dharohar” scheme for preservation of rich heritage and culture of minority communities of India in 2014-15. The scheme aims to support curation of iconic exhibitions, calligraphy, research and development, etc.
  • It is a central sector scheme
    • Ministry of Minority Affairs will implement this scheme with the help of Ministry of Culture.
    • Documentation of oral traditions and art forms, support to ethnic museums, workshops/ seminars/exhibitions, fellowship for R&D, etc will be provided under the scheme.
    • Funding is project based and not the State/District-wise.
    • Digitisation of Medieval documents regarding Mathematics and Medicine is also being done.

Mahila Samriddhi Yojana

  • The Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) under Ministry of Minority Affairs has been restructured and renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK).
  • The criteria for identification of Minority Concentration Towns (MCTs) and Cluster of Villages has been rationalised and is based on 2011 census:
    • Earlier only those Towns which were found backward in terms of both in Basic Amenities and Socio-economic parameters were taken up as MCTs. Now, the Towns which were found backward in either or both of the criteria have been taken up as MCT.
    • Now the population criteria for selection of cluster of villages has been lowered to 25% population of minority community (which was earlier at least 50%).
  • Funding of the scheme would be from budgetary provision of the Ministry of Minority Affairs. The recurring/maintenance expenses will be borne by the State Government/UTs/Organization. 80% would be earmarked for projects related to education, health and skill development. 33 to 40% would be specifically allocated for women centric projects.
  • The PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Goa and Pondicherry (total 32 States/UTs). Minority Concentration Areas of 61 districts out of 115 Aspirational districts have been covered under PMJVK. Unit area of implementation has been further broadened by including Minority Concentration Districts Headquarters in addition to the minority concentration Blocks, Minority Concentration Towns and cluster of minority concentration villages.
  • The area to be covered under PMJVK would be 57% more (308 districts) as compared to the existing MsDP (196 districts).
  • Monitoring Mechanism:
    • An online module along with geo-tagging has been included.
    • All implementing agencies are to brought under Public Finance Management System (PFMS) and its effective use ensured to monitor fund utilization has been made in PMJVK.

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