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Schemes Of Ministry Of JAL SHAKTI

Schemes Of Ministry Of JAL SHAKTI

Introduction

  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti is implementing the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) and Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure that every rural person has enough safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs.
  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti was established in May 2019 under the Government of India.
  • Two ministries namely the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, as well as the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, were merged together to form the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Objectives of Jal Shakti Ministry
    • The Jal Shakti Ministry focuses on issues such as international and inter-state water disputes, cleaning of the Ganga, its tributaries and sub-tributaries and also aims in providing clean drinking water.
    • The formation of this ministry targets towards the mounting water challenges faced by India over the past few decades.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • It is a campaign for water conservation and water security in the country through a collaborative effort of various ministries of the Government of India and state governments.
  • The focus of the campaign is on water stressed districts and blocks.
    • The important water conservation interventions are :
      Water conservation and rainwater harvesting,
    • Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks,
    • Reuse of water and recharging of structures,
    • Watershed development and
    • Intensive afforestation.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

  • The Swachh Bharat Mission, launched in October 2014, consists of two sub-missions — the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) (SBM-G), which will be implemented in rural areas, and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), which will be implemented in urban areas.
  • SBM-G seeks to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by 2019 through improving access to sanitation.
  • It also seeks to generate awareness to motivate communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation.
  • Objectives:
  • Improving the quality of life in rural areas through promoting cleanliness and eliminating open defecation by 2019,
  • Motivating communities and panchayati raj institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices,
  • Encouraging appropriate technologies for sustainable sanitation, and
  • Developing community managed solid and liquid waste management systems.

Atal Bhujal Yojana

  • It is a central sector scheme for sustainable management of groundwater with community participation.
  • It envisages people’s participation through the formation of ‘Water User Associations’, water budgeting, preparation & implementation of Gram-panchayat-wise water security plans, etc.

MARVI Project | Schemes Of Ministry Of JAL SHAKTI 

  • The Managing Aquifer Recharge and Sustaining Groundwater Use through Village-level Intervention (MARVI) project has developed a village-level participatory approach for measuring groundwater levels and improving water-use efficiency in groundwater-stressed regions of India.
  • Farmers and other stakeholders are directly involved in the process. A unique feature of MARVI is the engagement of Bhujal Jankaars (BJs) meaning “groundwater informed”.
  • These are volunteers who, with appropriate training and capacity building by the project team, monitor rainfall, groundwater levels and quality, and water levels of managed aquifer recharge infiltration basins (called check dams).
  • They also make sense of the data from a village perspective and infer what can be done to improve the groundwater situation and household livelihoods, which are often based on growing crops with groundwater irrigation.
  • Importantly, the BJs inform and guide villagers on the groundwater situation and how best to use groundwater in response to seasonal or long-term variability in resources.

NAQUIM (National Aquifer Mapping and Management)

  • Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including conservation and artificial recharge to ground water in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility.
  • The NAQUIM is one such initiative of the Ministry of Jal Shakti for mapping and managing the entire aquifer systems in the country.
  • It is being implemented by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB).
  • NAQUIM envisages mapping of aquifers (water bearing formations), their characterization and development of Aquifer Management Plans to facilitate sustainable management of groundwater resources.
  • NAQUIM was initiated as a part of the Ground Water Management and Regulation Scheme to delineate and characterize the aquifers to develop plans for ground water management.

Namami Gange Yojana

  • Namami Gange Programme is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
  • The program is being implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organizations i.e., State Program ManagementGroups (SPMGs).
  • Main Pillars of the Namami Gange Programme are:
    • Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
    • River-Surface Cleaning
    • Afforestation
    • Industrial Effluent Monitoring
    • River-Front Development
    • Bio-Diversity
    • Public Awareness
    • Ganga Gram
  • Its implementation has been divided into:
    • Entry-Level Activities (for immediate visible impact),
    • Medium-Term Activities (to be implemented within 5 years of time frame) and
    • Long-Term Activities (to be implemented within 10 years).

Jal Kranti Abhiyan

  • The objectives of Jal Kranti Abhiyan are :
    • Strengthening grass root involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions and local bodies in the water security and development schemes (e.g. Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM)
    • Encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation and its management
    • To utilize sector level expertise from different levels in government, NGO’s, citizens etc
    • Enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.
  • Components:
    • Jal Gram Yojana
    • Development of Model Command Area
    • Pollution abatement
    • Mass Awareness Programme
    • Other Activities

Water Resource Information System (WRIS) | Schemes Of Ministry Of JAL SHAKTI 

  • India-WRIS was initiated through a MoU signed in 2008 between the Central Water Commission (CWC), Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Department of Space.
  • This project was funded by the Central Water Commission.
  • This portal is open to the public and contains information related to Water Resources through dashboards for rainfall, water levels & discharge of rivers, water bodies, ground water levels etc
  • India WRIS is, at present, receiving data from many central and state agencies like CWC, CGWB, IMD, NRSC etc., on a regular basis
  • Data from other agencies is also being integrated into the system, so that it becomes a comprehensive platform for any data related to water and land resources
  • The MoJS has established a dedicated organization, National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) to maintain and update India WRIS.
  • The basis for all hydro-met observation data is the Water Information Management System (WIMS).
  • Under the National Hydrology Project launched in 2016, India WRIS has been fundamentally revised and improved, new modules and functionalities have been added and technologies have been updated.

National Hydrology Project

  • National Hydrology Project was approved by the cabinet in 2016 as a central sector scheme which includes the National Hydrology Project (NHP) and the establishment of the National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) as a repository of nation-wide water resources data.
  • The project has a coverage on Pan India basis and intends to set up of a system for timely and reliable water resources data acquisition, storage, collation, management and dissemination.
  • Objectives
    • To improve the extent, quality, and accessibility of water resources information, the decision support system for floods and basin level resource assessment/planning and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources professionals and management institutions in India.
  • Key highlights
    • It is a Central Sector Scheme, with 100% grant to the States
    • Budget Outlay: about Rs3,640 Crore, with World Bank Assistance to the tune of 50% of the project cost
    • Timeline: 8 years from 2016-17 to 2023-24 Lead Agency: Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) 2.0

  • It is an externally-aided project as 80% of the total project is provided by the World Bank as loan/credit and remaining 20% is borne by the States / Central Government in which repair and Rehabilitation of dams will be done.
  • The Emergency Action Plan (EAP) for the Dams has been proposed that identifies potential emergency conditions at a dam and prescribes the procedures to be followed to minimize loss of life and property damage.
  • Objectives:
    • To improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a
    • Sustainable manner,
    • To strengthen the dam safety institutional setup of participating States/ Implementing Agencies (CWC).

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Aims to provide individual household water tap connection to every rural household in the country by 2024.
  • It envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • The Scheme will be implemented through institutional mechanism at four levels- National, State, District, and Gram Panchayat, in which a major role will be played by women and the Paani Samitis or the user group.

Arth Ganga

  • It is a sustainable development model through economic activity along the banks of Ganga River.
  • As part of this process, o Farmers should be encouraged to engage in sustainable agriculture practices, including zero budget farming, etc
  • Creation of infrastructure for water sports and development of camp sites, cycling and walking tracks etc would also be taken up.
  • Priority could be given to women Self Help Groups and ex-servicemen organizations.
  • ‘Hybrid’ tourism potential of the river basin area- for purposes of religious as well as adventure tourism.

 

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