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Schemes Of Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs

Schemes Of Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs

Smart Cities Mission

  • Objective of the mission is to develop 100 cities all over the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable
  • Smart cities to be selected through City Challenge Competition
  • These cities to be developed as satellite towns of larger cities and by modernizing the existing mid-sized cities.
  • Eight critical pillars of India’s Smart City Program are: Smart Governance, Smart Energy, Smart Environment, Smart Transportation, Smart IT & Communications, Smart Buildings, Smart Health Hospitals, Smart Education

AMRUT 

  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched in June 2015 by PM Narendra Modi under the Government of India. The AMRUT scheme is an initiative to provide basic civic amenities to the urban areas to improve the quality of life with major focus to the poor and the disadvantaged.
  • The AMRUT Scheme focuses on establishing an infrastructure for ensuring adequate sewage networks and water supply in the urban areas through the implementation of the urban revival projects. The first state to submit State Annual Action Plan under the AMRUT scheme was Rajasthan. Various other schemes like Swachh Bharat Mission, Housing for All 2022 and the local state schemes related to water supply, sewerage and infrastructure can also be linked to the AMRUT scheme.

Swachh Bharat Mission  | Schemes Of Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most popular and significant missions in the History of India. This campaign was introduced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, and was launched on 2nd October 2014 to honor Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean country.
  • Initially, this Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign was run on a national level in all the towns, rural and urban areas.
  • The major objective of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to spread the awareness of cleanliness and the importance of it.
  • The concept of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to provide basic sanitation facilities like toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness, and safe and adequate drinking water supply to every person.

Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities launched by MOHUA

  • The star-rating initiative will be rating cities on a 7-star rating system based on 25 key parameters for solid waste management, which will include Door to Door Collection, bulk generator compliance, source segregation, sweeping, scientific processing of waste, scientific land filling, plastic waste management, construction and demolition management, dump remediation & citizen grievance redressal system etc.
  • Cities are required to carry out self-assessment and self-verification for achieving a certain star rating. Citizens have to be involved as well. This self-declaration will be further verified through an independent third-party agency appointed by MoHUA for 1-star, 3-star, 5-star and 7-star garbage free ratings.

Water Plus Protocol

  • It aims to provide a guideline for cities and towns to ensure that no untreated waste-water is released into the environment thereby enabling sustainability of the sanitation value chain.

HRIDAY | Schemes Of Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs

  • HRIDAY scheme called National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on 21st January 2015. This scheme was introduced to preserve and revitalize the rich cultural heritage of the country. HRIDAY scheme aims in the conservation of heritage, urban planning and in increasing the economic growth of the heritage cities. The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana emphasize on the accessibility, security, safety, livelihood, cleanliness and faster service delivery in the heritage cities.
  • The focus of HRIDAY is the development of core heritage infrastructure by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for areas near heritage sites approved after identification by the Ministry of Culture. Development of infrastructure like approach roads, drainage, footpaths, electrical wiring, landscaping, sanitation, street lights, water supply, waste management and allied citizen services such as tourist conveniences, security etc. are some of the major focus areas of the scheme.
  • HRIDAY completed 4 years in January 2019 and has an outlay of funds pegged at Rs.685758 crore. The initially planned outlay was Rs 500 crore. Out of this projects worth about Rs 422 crore have been approved, and projects worth Rs 140. 14 crores have been completed.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana 

  • PMAY – Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana: one of the world’s most ambitious and biggest housing schemes, ‘Housing For All by 2022’ announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015, has accomplished a crossed a big milestone. It has recently expanded its scope to cater to the housing needs of the mid-income group, besides the economically weaker sections (EWS) and low-income group (LIG). It has sanctioned one crore houses under the Prime Minister Awas Yojana – Urban category and that too in a short span of four years from 2015 to 2019.
  • 2 crore jobs have been created so far under the scheme . (Schemes Of Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs)
  • The houses sanctioned so far under the scheme involve an investment of about ₹5.7 lakh crore with Central assistance of INR 1.6 lakh crore
  • Compared to the earlier JNNURM scheme, PMAY (U) has achieved 10 times more in a span of 4.5 years, whereas the earlier scheme had taken 10 years to achieve a significantly less number.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission  

  • NULM is now renamed as ‘Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-NULM’ and in Hindi as ‘Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-Rashtriya Shahri Aajeevika Mission’.
  • This mission seeks to enhance the employment opportunities and incomes of the urban poor through skill development and training, setting up of individual and group micro-enterprises, formation of Self-Help Groups, building shelters for homeless, supporting street vendors in creating infrastructure, innovative support to rag pickers, differently abled etc.

North Eastern Region Urban Development Programme NERUDP 

  • The North Eastern Region Urban Development Programme (NERUDP)has been teken up by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) with the financial assistance from Asian Development Bank (ADB). ADB contribution is 70% of the cost as loan to the Government of India. The scheme is being implemented in the capital cities of 5 North Eastern States viz. Agartala (Tripura), Aizawl (Mizoram), Gangtok (Sikkim), and Kohima (Nagaland) covering priority urban services viz. (i) Water Supply, (ii) Sewerage and Sanitation, and (iii) Solid Waste Management besides capacity building, institutional and financial reforms at an estimated cost of Rs 1371 crore. The projects under the NERUDP scheme have been spread over three Tranches and are under execution in the project cities since 2009. These projects have been planned for completion by June, 2019.
  • Funds are released by the Ministry to the participating States on reimbursement basis in the ratio of 90% grant and 10% loan.

e-Dharti App and EDharti Geo Portal

  • Land & Development Office (L&DO) deals with public applications which are mainly related to Conversion of property from leasehold to freehold, Substitution of names of legal heirs and Mutation in the name of purchaser, etc.
  • Under this app, all the three modules i.e. Conversion, Substitution and Mutation have been made online for public to submit their applications related to these.
  • The portal is a GIS based mapping of each and every Government property under L&DO (Land & Development Office), whether it is allotted or still lying vacant.

 

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