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Schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry & Dairying

Schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry & Dairying

Introduction

  • The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (AH&D) is one of the Departments of the newly created Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying vide Cabinet Secretariat’s Notification in June 2019.
  • The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (AH&D) renamed as Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries (DADF) was one of the Departments in the Ministry of Agriculture and came into existence in 1991, by converting two divisions of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation namely Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development into a separate Department.
  • The Department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection from diseases and improvement of stocks and dairy development, and also for matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board.
  • The Department advises State Governments/Union Territories in the formulation of policies and programs in the field of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development.
  • The main thrust areas are:
    • Development of requisite infrastructure in States/UTs for improving productivity,
    • Preservation and protection of livestock through provision of health care and,
    • Strengthening of Central livestock farms (Cattle, Sheep and Poultry) for development of superior germplasm for distribution to States.

Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries 

  • The restructured Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) on Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries were approved in December, 2015 by the CCEA with a total central budgetary outlay of Rs.3000 crore for five years (i.e. till end 2019-20).
  • The major components of the CSS on Blue Revolution scheme:
    • Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture
    • National Scheme for Welfare of Fishermen
    • Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post-harvest Operations
    • Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector
    • Monitoring, Control and Surveillance and other need-based Interventions (MCS)
    • National Fisheries Development Board and its activities(NFDB)
    • Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector (So DGIS)
  • Objectives
    • To fully tap the total fish potential of the country both in the inland and the marine sector and triple the production by 2020.
    • To enhance food and nutritional security of the country
    • To transform the fisheries sector as a modern industry with special focus on new technologies and processes
    • To triple the export earnings by 2020 with focus on benefits flow to the fishers and fish farmers including through institutional mechanisms in the cooperative, producer companies and other structures
    • To double the income of the fishers and fish farmers with special focus on increasing productivity and better marketing postharvest infrastructure including e-commerce and other technologies and global best innovations
    • To ensure inclusive participation of the fishers and fish farmers in the income enhancement

Nationwide artificial Insemination Programme (NAIP)

  • The NAIP is a campaign mode genetic upgradation program covering all breeds of bovines to enhance the milk production using low cost breeding technology.
  • It aims for improving genetic merit of milch animals with high quality seed.
  • The gestation period for getting the benefits from the AI bovine is approximately 3 years.
  • The aim of the program to inseminate over 1 crore bovines in 6 months & ear-tag them with ‘PashuAadhaar’ which is a unique identification provided to the animals so as to enable the Government to identify and track the animals uniquely with all details such as the breed, age, gender and owner details.
  • Under this, every cow and buffalo under AI will be tagged and can be tracked through the Information Network on Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) Database.

Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) scheme

  • It was announced as Central Sector Scheme under NABARD with a total corpus of Rs. 8000 crore over a period of 3 years (i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20), in the Union Budget of 2017-18.
  • Scheme Area – The scheme will be implemented across the country.
  • It aims to ensure that Dairy Cooperatives remain competitive for the sustained benefit of farmers.
  • The End Borrowers of the scheme are Milk Unions, State Dairy Federations, Multi-state Milk Cooperatives, Milk Producer Companies and NDDB subsidiaries meeting the eligibility criteria under the project.
  • Funding will be in the form of interest bearing loan, which will flow from National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) to National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) / National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) and in turn to eligible End Borrowers.
  • Major activities covered under DIDF are:
    • Project Management & Learning
    • Manufacturing facilities for Value Added Products
    • Modernizations creation of new milk processing facilities and
    • Setting up of Electronic Adulteration testing kit
    • Milk Chilling Infrastructure

National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) | Schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry & Dairying 

  • The programme aims to control the livestock diseases by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030
  • The programme aims at vaccinating over 500 million livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against the FMD.
  • The programme also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease
  • The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as- cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep and goats. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.
  • If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for 4-6 months.
  • In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
  • Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners.

Quality Milk Programme     

  • Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) launched Quality Milk Programme in July, 2019. In the first phase of the programme during 2019-20, approval has been granted for strengthening of 231 dairy plants under NPDD scheme to equip them to detect adulterants in milk (Urea, maltodextrin, ammonium sulphate, detergent, sugar, neutralisers etc.). Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) technology-based Milk Analyser (for accurate detection and estimation of milk composition and adulterants) has been granted approval. In addition one each of State Central laboratory for 18 States has been approved.
  • Objectives:
    • To achieve Global (Codex) standards for domestic consumption of milk and ensuring traceability & increasing share of milk and milk products in world exports. As of now, India exports only 0.01% of the world dairy export market.
    • To enable all cooperative dairy plants to supply Quality Milk tested on all microbiological/chemical parameters to their consumers

National Program for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBDD) 

  • The NPBBDD has been formulated by merging four ongoing schemes of the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries in the dairy sector.
  • It was launched in Feb 2014.  (Schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry & Dairying)
  • This merger has been done to integrate milk production and dairying activities in a scientific and holistic manner to meet the increasing demand for milk in the country.
  • Components of the scheme
    • National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB)
    • National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) and
    • Rashtriya Gokul Mission.
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission
    • It aims to undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.
    • To enhance milk production and productivity of indigenous bovines.
    • To upgrade non-descript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.

National Mission on Bovine Productivity

  • It was launched in November 2016 with aim of enhancing milk production and productivity and thereby making dairying more remunerative to farmers.
  • It is being implemented with following components
    • Pashu Sanjivani: It includes identification of animals in milk using UID, issuing health cards to all animals in milk and uploading data on INAPH database.
    • Advance reproductive Technique: Under it, sex sorted semen production facility is being created at 10 A graded semen stations and 50 EET Labs with IVF facilities.
    • Creation of E Pashu Haat Portal: It is for linking farmers and breeders of indigenous breeds and
    • Establishment of National Bovine Genomic Centre for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB): It is established for enhancing milk production and productivity through genomic selection among indigenous breeds.

National Dairy Plan-I  | Schemes of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry & Dairying 

  • National Dairy Plan Phase I (NDP I) is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • Funding will be through a line of credit from the International Development Association (IDA), which along with the share of the Government of India will flow from DADF to NDDB and in turn to eligible End Implementing Agencies (EIAs).
  • NDP I will focus on 18 major milk producing states namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh which together account for over 90% of the country’s milk production.
  • Objectives
    • To help increase productivity of milch animals and thereby increase milk production to meet the rapidly growing demand for milk.
    • To help provide rural milk producers with greater access to the organised milk-processing sector.

Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS)

  • The Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) is a credit linked subsidy scheme of government of India to promote the setting up of modern dairy farms.
  • This scheme is a modified version of an earlier 2004 scheme called Dairy/Poultry Venture Capital Fund. The applicant / entrepreneur has to make arrangement for minimum 10% of the total money needed for setting up a modern dairy farm.
  • For rest, the government provides 25% capital subsidy (33.33% for SC/ST) and remaining amount is provided as loan (minimum 40%) by the Commercial Banks, Cooperative Banks, Regional Rural Banks and Urban Banks.
  • The nodal implementation agency for this scheme is NABARD.
  • Objectives of the Scheme
    • Setting up modern dairy farms for production of clean milk
    • Generate self-employment and provide infrastructure for dairy sector
    • Bring structural changes in unorganized sector so that initial processing of milk can be taken up at village level.
    • Encourage heifer calf rearing for conservation  and development of  good breeding stock
    • Provide value addition to milk through processing and production of milk products.
    • Upgradation of traditional technology to handle milk on commercial scale.

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