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Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Digital India

  • The Digital India programme has been launched with an aim of transforming the country into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The Digital India would ensure that Government services are available to citizens electronically. It would also bring in public accountability through mandated delivery of government’s services electronically; a Unique ID and e-Pramaan based on authentic and standard based interoperable and integrated government applications and data basis.
  • Nine pillars of Digital India
    • Broadband Highways
    • Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity
    • Public Internet Access Programme
    • e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology
    • e-Kranti – Electronic Delivery of Services
    • Information for All
    • Electronics Manufacturing
    • IT for Jobs
    • Early Harvest Programmes
  • The major objectives:
    • To provide high-speed internet in all gram panchayats.
    • To provide easy access to Common Service Centre (CSC) in all the locality.
    • Digital India is an initiative that combines a large number of ideas and thoughts into a single, comprehensive vision so that each of them is seen as part of a larger goal.
    • The Digital India Programme also focuses on restructuring many existing schemes that can be implemented in a synchronized manner.

Stree Swabhiman

  • Aims to create sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women an access to affordable sanitary products by leveraging Common Service Centres (CSCs)
  • It is an initiative implemented by Common Services Centres under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY).
  • The initiative is driven by awareness and personalized outreach by women entrepreneurs who produces and market sanitary napkins themselves.
  • The initiative aspires to play its part in reducing gender divide in access to development opportunities for women and girls which sadly affects access to education, health and workforce participation.

Jeevan Pramaan | Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 

  • Jeevan pramaan is one of the main requisites for the pensioners to avail pension is to provide Life Certificates (LCs).
  • “Jeevan Pramaan ” – an “Aadhar-based Digital Life Certificate” for pensioners. It is a move that could eventually benefit over a crore pensioners.
  • The proposed digital certification will do away with the requirement of a pensioner having to submit a physical Life Certificate in November each year, in order to ensure continuity of pension being credited into his account.
  • It can be operated on a personal computer or a smartphone, along with an inexpensive biometric reading device. This facility will also be made available at Common Service Centres being operated under the National e-Governance Plan, for the benefit of pensioners residing in remote and inaccessible areas.

Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC 2.0) Scheme

  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) notified the Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) Scheme in October, 2012.
  • The objective of the scheme was to provide support for creation of world class infrastructure for attracting investments in the Electronics Systems Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector.
  • The Modified Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC 2.0) Scheme would support setting up of both Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMCs) and Common Facility Centers (CFCs).
  • For the purpose of this Scheme an EMC would set up in geographical areas of certain minimum extent, preferably contiguous, where the focus is on development of basic infrastructure, amenities and other common facilities for the ESDM units.
  • For Common Facility Centre (CFC) there should be a significant number of existing ESDM units located in the area and the focus is on upgrading common technical infrastructure and providing common facilities for the ESDM units in such EMCs, Industrial Areas/Parks/industrial corridors.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)  | Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 

  • It is the scheme initiated under Digital India Programmeto make six crore persons in rural areas, across States/UTs, digitally literate, reaching to around 40% of rural households by covering one member from every eligible household.
  • The Scheme aims to bridge the digital divide, specifically targeting the rural population including the marginalised sections of society like Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Minorities, Below Poverty Line (BPL), women and differently-abled persons and minorities.
  • Purpose of the PMGDISHA: India has the largest number of youth in the world in order to provide technical and digital training to these youths specially the youths from the backward or rural area this project is launched.
  • The identification of the beneficiaries would be carried out by CSC-SPV in active collaboration with DeGS, Gram Panchayats, and Block Development Officers. The list of such beneficiaries would be made available on the scheme portal.
  • The implementation of the Scheme would be carried out under the overall supervision of Ministry of Electronics and IT in active collaboration with States/UTs through their designated State Implementing Agencies, District e-Governance Society (DeGS), etc.
  • Digitally literate persons would be able to operate computers/digital access devices (like tablets, smart phones, etc.), send and receive emails, browse internet, access Government Services, search for information, undertaking cashless transactions, etc. and hence use IT to actively participate in the process of nation building.

India BPO Promotion Scheme

  • Aims to incentivize BPO/IT- ITES operations sector in the country.
  • The schemes provide upto 50% of one time expenditure subject to Rs. 1 lakh per seat in the form of Viability Gap Funding (VGF) to the companies establishing BPO centers in digitally deficit areas of the country.
  • Special incentives will be given if following criteria’s are met :
    • Employment to women and Divyang (PH),
    • Setting up operations in towns other than capital towns,
    • Generating employment beyond target and promoting local entrepreneurship
    • There are also special provisions for the Himalayan states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
  • The total number of  48,300 BPO seats will be created (In addition to 5000 seats under North East BPO Promotion Scheme) in all states except for following cities,
    • Bengaluru
    • Chennai
    • Hyderabad
    • Kolkata
    • Mumbai
    • NCR (incl. Delhi, NOIDA, Gurgaon & Faridabad)
    • Pune

Cyber Swachhta Kendra (CSK) | Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 

  • The “Cyber Swachhta Kendra” (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) is a part of the Government of India’s Digital India initiative under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
  • It intends to create a secure cyberspace by detecting botnet infections in India and to notify, enable cleaning and securing systems of end users so as to prevent further infections.
  • It has been set up in accordance with the objectives of the National Cyber Security Policy, which envisages creating a secure cyber ecosystem in the country.
  • This centre is being operated by the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) under the provisions of Section 70B of the Information Technology Act, 2000.

National Supercomputing Mission

  • The National Supercomputing Mission was announced in 2015, with an aim to connect national academic and R&D institutions with a grid of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities at an estimated cost of ₹4,500 crores over the period of seven years.
  • It supports the government’s vision of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India’ initiatives.
  • The mission is being implemented by the Department of Science and Technology (Ministry of Science and Technology) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), through the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.
  • It is also an effort to improve the number of supercomputers owned by India.
    These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN). The NKN connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high-speed network.
  • Under NSM, the long-term plan is to build a strong base of 20,000 skilled persons over the next five years who will be equipped to handle the complexities of supercomputers.
  • India’s first supercomputer was PARAM 8000. PARAM stood for Parallel Machine. It was developed by the Centre for Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in 1991, with a speed of 1 Gigaflop.
  • Currently, Pratyush and Mihir are the Fastest Supercomputers in India. These are the 2 High-Performance Computing Units (HPC) with a combined speed of 6.8 PetaFlops. Pratyush is established in Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune. Mihir is established in the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (NCMWF), Noida.
  • Pratyush and Mihir are used for the following applications.
    • Weather forecasting
    • Air quality
    • Fishing
    • To detect natural calamities

Electronics Development Fund (EDF) | Schemes of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology 

  • Electronics Development Fund or EDF is a government of India initiative envisioned to develop the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector in India. It is part of the government’s ‘Digital India’ drive. It is under the IT department.
  • The Fund Manager of EDF is CANBANK Venture Capital Funds Ltd. (CVCFL).
  • The aim of this Electronic Development Fund is to be enabled completely to be a part of the formation of a vibrant ecosystem of innovation, research, and development (R&D) and with active industry involvement.
  • The target beneficiaries of the EDF will be Daughter Funds (set up to achieve the objectives of the EDF policy) registered in India and abiding by the relevant rules and regulations including the SEBI regulations on Venture Funds.
  • Fund of Fund (FoF) is defined by the securities market regulator – SEBI – as a mutual fund scheme that invests primarily in other schemes of the same mutual fund or other mutual funds. An FoF scheme enables the participating investors to achieve greater diversification and spreads risks across a greater universe. The funds they invest in are commonly known as “daughter funds”.

Software Technology Park Scheme

  • STPI which witness multi-million transactions every day are the most promising workplaces for startups in India. They have gained popularity not among Indians, but also on an international platform for its state of the art infrastructure, world-class working conditions and amenities.
  • Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is an autonomous society under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Govt. of India.
  • It was established in 1991 with the objective of encouraging, promoting and boosting the export of software from India.
  • The STPI’s Governing Council’s Chairperson is the Union Minister for Electronics & Information Technology.

National Policy on Software Products (2019)

  • The Government has approved the NPSP-2019 to create a robust software product ecosystem, which aims to develop India as the global software product hub.
  • Further, the Policy aims to align with other Government initiatives such as Start-up India, Make in India and Digital India, Skill India etc so as to help the industry grow at Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 40% to reach $70-80 billion by 2025, while creating employment opportunities for 3.5 million people.
  • The Software product ecosystem is characterized by innovations, Intellectual Property (IP) creation and large value addition increase in productivity, which has the potential to significantly boost revenues and exports in the sector, create substantive employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in emerging technologies and leverage opportunities available under the Digital India Programme, thus, leading to a boost in inclusive and sustainable growth.

Production linked incentive scheme (PLI)

  • Under the scheme, electronic manufacturing companies will get an incentive of 4 to 6% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods manufactured in India and covered under target segments, to eligible companies over a period of next 5 years.
  • The scheme shall only be applicable for target segments namely mobile phones and specified electronic components
  • The government estimates that under PLI scheme, domestic value addition for mobile phones is expected to rise to 35-40 per cent by 2025 from the current level of 20-25 per cent and generate additional 8 lakh jobs, both direct and indirect.
  • The scheme will also help in creating 2-4 “champion Indian companies”.
  • Objectives
    • Boost domestic manufacturing
    • Attract large investments in the electronics value chain including manufacturing of mobile phones, semiconductor packaging and electronic components including Assembly, Testing, Marking and Packaging (ATMP) units.

Scheme for Promotion of manufacturing of Electronic Components and Semiconductors (SPECS)

  • The scheme aims to offer the financial incentive of 25% of capital expenditure for the manufacturing of goods that constitute the supply chain of electronic products.
  • The scheme will help offset the disability for domestic manufacturing of electronic components and semiconductors in order to strengthen the electronic manufacturing ecosystem in the country.
  • Under the scheme, electronic manufacturing companies will get an incentive of 4 to 6% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods manufactured in India and covered under target segments, to eligible companies over a period of next 5 years.
  • The scheme shall only be applicable for target segments namely mobile phones and specified electronic components.
  • The government estimates that with the PLI scheme, domestic value addition for mobile phones is expected to rise to 35-40% by 2025 from the current level of 20-25% and generate additional 8 lakh jobs, both direct and indirect.
  • The production of mobile phones in the country has surged eight-times in the last four years from around Rs 18,900 crore in 2014-15 to Rs 1.7 lakh crore in 2018-19 .

 

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