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Schemes of Ministry of Civil Aviation

Schemes of Ministry of Civil Aviation

Introduction

  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation is responsible for formulation of national policies and programmes for the development and regulation of the Civil Aviation sector in the country.
  • It is responsible for the administration of the Aircraft Act, 1934, Aircraft Rules, 1937 and various other legislations pertaining to the aviation sector in the country.
  • This Ministry exercises administrative control over attached and autonomous organizations like the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Bureau of Civil Aviation Security and Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Udan Academy and affiliated Public Sector Undertakings like National Aviation Company of India Limited, Airports Authority of India and Pawan Hans Helicopters Limited.
  • The Commission of Railway Safety, which is responsible for safety in rail travel and operations in terms of the provisions of the Railways Act, 1989 also comes under the administrative control of this Ministry.

Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (Udan)/Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)

  • UDAN is a regional connectivity scheme spearheaded by the Government of India (GoI). The full form of UDAN is ‘Ude Desh ka Aam Nagarik’ and aims to develop smaller regional airports to allow common citizens easier access to aviation services.
  • Objectives
    • The primary objective of RCS is to facilitate / stimulate regional air connectivity by making it cheap and affordable.
    • Promoting affordability of regional air connectivity is envisioned under RCS by supporting airline operators through: Concessions and Financial (viability gap funding or VGF) support.
  • The subsidy will be provided under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam naagrik) scheme for three-years so that the route would become viable.
  • It will be provided to airlines to fund their losses to enable them to offer airfares at Rs. 2,500 for an hour’s flight on half the seats under the Regional Connectivity Scheme.
  • The subsidy amount for airlines connecting to one regional airport will vary between Rs. 2,350 and Rs. 5,100 per seat depending upon distance covered between two destinations.
  • Besides, airlines can also transfer their rights or contract to get subsidy from government and fly on regional routes to another airline operating a similar type of aircraft.
  • The scheme seeks to connect unconnected towns with the help of Viability gap funding (VGF). The scheme proposes to offer concessions to the airlines to encourage them to fly on regional routes.
  • Airports Authority of India (AAI) is the implementing agency of the scheme.
  • The bids for the routes will be on “reverse auction” basis. Accordingly the airlines quoting the lowest amount of subsidy would be given the right to fly on a particular RCS route.
  • The government also proposes to exempt airlines from all landing, parking and other charges on the RCS airports.       (Schemes of Ministry of Civil Aviation)
  • The airlines are required to commit around 50% of the seats as RCS seats on RCS flights.

Digiyatra Platform  [Schemes of Ministry of Civil Aviation]

  • It is biometrics-based digital processing system for passenger entry and related requirements at the airport.
  • It facilitates paperless travel and avoid identity checks at multiple points in an airport. Each passanger would get a unique Digi Yatra ID.

NABH (Nextgen Airports for Bharat)

  • It seeks expansion of the airport capacity more than 5 times to handle a billion trips a year.
  • It aims to establish about 100 airports in 10-15 years at an estimated investment of Rs 4 lakh crore and a large percentage of the investment is to come from the private sector.

Krishi Udan [Schemes of Ministry of Civil Aviation]

  • Announced in Budget 2020-21. Yet to be launched.
  • Krishi Udan will be launched by the Aviation Ministry on international and national routes.
  • By assisting farmers in transporting agricultural products it will immensely help improve value realisation (on agricultural products), especially in the north-east and tribal districts.

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