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Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH

Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH

Introduction

  • (AYUSH) is tasked with developing education, research, and propagation of alternative indigenous medicine systems in India.
  • In November 2014 it became a separate ministry from earlier as a department.
  • This is increased the focus on the traditional medicinal system of India for its further development and wider propagation.

National Ayush Mission [Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH]

  • Mission aims to provide good AYUSH services, with universal access by upgrading AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries, co-location of AYUSH facilities at PHCs, community health centres, and district hospital.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme introduced in 2014 and has been extended further till 2020.
  • AYUSH systems of medicine, namely Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy.
  • Components of the Mission
    • Mandatory Components (80% of the Resource pool)
      • AYUSH Services (including co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals(DH)
      • AYUSH Educational Institution
      • Quality Control of ASU &H Drugs, Medicinal Plants
      • School Health Programme: to address both physical and mental health needs of School going children using Yoga and counselling
    • Flexible Components (20% of resource pool)
      • AYUSH Wellness Centres including Yoga & Naturopathy
      • IEC activities,
      • Tele-medicine
      • Crop Insurance for Medicinal Plants
      • Public Private Partnership provision and Interest subsidy component for Private AYUSH educational Institutions.   (Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH)
  • Monitoring and Evaluation – Dedicated MIS monitoring and evaluation cell would be established at Centre/ State level.
  • AYUSH Gram: one village per block will be selected where AYUSH based lifestyles are promoted.
  • It has been decided to operationalize 10% of the Health and Wellness Centers (HWCs) of the Ayushman Bharat Scheme through the Ministry of AYUSH through State / UT Governments.
  • So, 1,032 AYUSH Dispensaries under NAM will be upgraded as AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres.
  • Subsidy is being given to farmers for cultivation of medicinal plants.

Mission Madhumeha [Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH]

  • To provide cost-effective treatment and control of non-communicable disease of Diabetes.
  • Launched in 2016, it will be implemented throughout the country through a specially designed National Treatment Protocol for effective management of Diabetes through Ayurveda.

Central Sector Scheme for Promoting Pharmacovigilance of Ayush Drugs

  • AYUSH Ministry introduced a new Central sector scheme promoting pharmacovigilance of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs.
  • Prime objective of the scheme is to develop the culture of documenting adverse effects and undertake safety monitoring of ASUH drugs and surveillance of misleading advertisements appearing in the print and electronic media.
  • The scheme intends to facilitate the establishment of three-tier network of National Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPvCC), Intermediary Pharmacovigilance Centres (IPvCCs) and Peripheral Pharmacovigilance Centres (PPvCC).
  • All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, an autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH, has been designated as National Pharmacovigilance Centre for coordinating various activities of the initiative.
  • The quality issues and safety concerns of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy Drugs have been raised from various sources.   (Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH)
  • The Ministry felt it necessary in the interest of Public Health to oversee the impact of ASU&H Drugs consumed by the people from the perspective of their safety profile.
  • Similarly, publicizing improper drug information in the form advertisements is a matter of concern that needs to be addressed to safeguard the interest of AYUSH drug consumers.
  • Pharmacovigilance initiative will facilitate detection of potentially unsafe ASU&H medicines and misleading advertisements for taking regulatory action against them.

National AYUSH Grid Project [Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH]

  • It has been launched for induction of IT into the AYUSH Sector for development of healthcare delivery at all levels, research, education, schemes and various health programs.
  • Ministry has taken up various pilot projects like AYUSH Hospital Management Information System (A-HMIS), Yoga locator application, Telemedicine etc. which shall be merged into AYUSH Grid Project after completion of pilot period.

Scheme for Integrated Health Research (SIHR)

  • SIHR has been drawn up in collaboration with NITI Aayog and Invest India (AGNI Platform).
  • Aim- To address the untapped potential of integration of AYUSH Systems with modern medicine through evidence based integrative practices.

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

  • Aim- to prevent bio-piracy by protecting misappropriation of Indian traditional medicinal knowledge at International Patent Offices and to classify this traditional knowledge as per international patent classification systems.    (Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH)
  • It is a collaborative project of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Ministry of AYUSH.
  • TKDL contains about 1250 formulations selected from various classical texts of Indian Systems of Medicine existing in local languages such as Sanskrit, Urdu, Tamil etc.
  • They are converted into digitized searchable database in international languages like English.

Swasthya Raksha programme [Schemes of Ministry of AYUSH]

  • To promote health, health education in villages, awareness about cleanliness of domestic surroundings and environment.
  • Mass campaigning through rallies, Nukkad Nataks focussing on personal, environmental and
  • social hygiene are being undertaken for creating awareness about hygiene and health.

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