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Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare

Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare

Introduction

  • The Ministry Of AGRICULTURE AND FARMERS WELFARE is organized into 28 Divisions and has five attached offices and twenty-one subordinate offices which are spread across the country for coordination with state level agencies and implementation of Central Sector Schemes in their respective fields.
  • Further, one Public Sector Undertakings,nine autonomous bodies, ten national level cooperative organizations and two authorities are functioning under the administrative control of the Department.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PMKISAN)

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) is a Central Sector Scheme with 100% funding from the Government of India.
  • It is being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare.
  • Under the scheme, the Centre transfers an amount of Rs 6,000 per year, in three equal instalments, directly into the bank accounts of the all landholding farmers irrespective of the size of their land holdings.
  • It intends to supplement the financial needs of the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of each crop cycle.
  • The entire responsibility of identification of beneficiary farmer families rests with the State / UT Governments.
  • The main objectives of the PM-KISAN scheme are:
    • To provide income support to all eligible land-holding farmers and their families.
    • PM-KISAN scheme also aims to supplement the financial needs of the farmers in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income.
    • The scheme is expected to increase the coverage of PM-KISAN to around 14.5 crore beneficiaries. It aims to cover around 2 crores more farmers with an estimated expenditure of Rs. 87,217.50 crores that will be funded by the Central Government for the year 2019-20.

PM Fasal Bima Yojana   [Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare ]

  • The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was launched in 2016 and is being administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • It provides a comprehensive insurance cover against failure of the crop thus helping in stabilising the income of the farmers.
  • Scope: All food & oilseed crops and annual commercial/horticultural crops for which past yield data is available.
  • Premium: The prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all rabi crops. In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium is 5%.
  • The scheme is compulsory for loanee farmers availing Crop Loan /Kisan Credit Card (KCC) account for notified crops and voluntary for others.
  • The scheme is implemented by empanelled general insurance companies. The selection of the Implementing Agency (IA) is done by the concerned State Government through bidding.

Formation And Promotion Of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) 

  • It is a Central Sector Scheme under Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW)
  • Implemented by- Small Farmers Agri-business Consortium (SFAC), National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Also, States can nominate their Implementing Agency in consultation with DAC&FW.
  • Cluster Based Business Organizations (CBBOs) will be formed at cluster/state level. These CBBOs will consist of specialists and will serve as a platform for an end to end knowledge for all issues in FPO promotion.
  • Minimum number of members in FPO will be 300 in plain area and 100 in North East & hilly areas.
  • At least 15% of the targeted FPOs would be in aspirational districts with at least one FPO in each block of aspirational districts.
  • Credit guarantee facility up to Rs 2 crore of project loan per FPO. Credit Guarantee Funds (CGF) will be created by NABARD and NCDC.
  • FPOs will be promoted under “One District One Product” cluster to promote specialization and better processing, marketing, branding & export by FPOs.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY) 

  • The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana was launched at Ranchi, Jharkhand by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This a Central Sector Scheme which is administered by the Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare and Government of India in partnership with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
  • LIC is the Pension Fund Manager for PM Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana that provides an assured monthly pension of Rs. 3000/- to all the farmers after the age of 60 years. This scheme was introduced with an aim to secure the lives of around 3 crores small and marginal farmers in India.
  • All the small and marginal farmers (SMFs) belonging from all the States and Union Territories of India and are aged between 18 years to 40 years are eligible to apply for the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana and can avail all the benefits of this Scheme.

Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana

  • The government of India introduced the green revolution Krishonnati Yojana in 2005 to boost the agriculture sector.
  • Government through the scheme plans to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic & scientific manner to increase the income of farmer.
  • The scheme looks to enhance agricultural production, productivity and better returns on produce.

It comprises of 11 schemes and mission under a single umbrella scheme:

  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH): It aims to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector; to enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm Households.    (Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare )
  • National Food Security Mission (NFSM), including National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP),  aims to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified districts of the country, restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy.  It further aims to augment the availability of vegetable oils and to reduce the import of edible oils.
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA): NMSA aims at promoting sustainable agriculture practices best suitable to the specific agro-ecology focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management and synergizing resource conservation technology.
  • Submission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE): SMAE aims to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments, local bodies etc., achieving food and nutritional security and socio-economic empowerment of farmers, to institutionalize programme planning and implementation mechanism, to forge effective linkages and synergy amongst various stake-holders, to support HRD interventions, to promote pervasive and innovative use of electronic / print media, interpersonal communication and ICT tools, etc.
  • Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP): SMSP aims to increase production of certified / quality seed, to upgrade the quality of farm saved seeds, to strengthen the seed multiplication chain, to promote new technologies and methodologies in seed production, processing, testing etc., to strengthen and modernizing infrastructure for seed production, storage, certification and quality etc.
  • Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM): SMAM aims to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low, to promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost of individual ownership, to create hubs for hi-tech and high value farm equipment, to create awareness among stakeholders through demonstration and capacity building activities, and to ensure performance testing and certification at designated testing centers located all over the country.
  • Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ):  SMPPQ aims to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc. and to shield our agricultural biosecurity from the incursions and spread of alien species, to facilitate exports of Indian agricultural commodities  to global markets, and to promote good agricultural practices, particularly with respect to plant protection strategies and strategies.
  • Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES): It aims to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country, to fund conferences/workshops and seminars involving eminent economists, agricultural scientists, experts and to bring out papers to conduct short term studies, to improve agricultural statistics methodology and to create a hierarchical information system on crop condition and crop production from sowing to harvest.
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC): It aims to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and to speed up –  cooperative development in agricultural marketing, processing, storage, computerization and weaker section programmes; to help cotton growers fetch remunerative price for their produce through value addition besides ensuring supply of quality yarn at reasonable rates to the decentralized weavers.
  • Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM): ISAM aims to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure; to promote innovative and latest technologies and competitive alternatives in agriculture marketing infrastructure; to provide infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce; to establish a nationwide marketing information network; to integrate markets through a common online market platform to facilitate pan-India trade in agricultural commodities, etc.
  • National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A): It aims to bring farmer centricity & service orientation to the programmes; to enhance reach & impact of extension services; to improve access of farmers to information & services throughout crop-cycle; to build upon, enhance & integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States; and to enhance efficiency & effectiveness of programs through making available timely and relevant information to the farmers for increasing their agriculture productivity

Soil Health Card Scheme 

  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare introduced the scheme on December 5, 2015.
  • Soil Health Card (SHC) is a printed report which contains nutrient status of soil with respect to 12 nutrients: pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Organic Carbon (OC), Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Sulphur (S), Zinc (Zn), Boron (B), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn) and Copper (Cu) of farm holdings.
  • SHC is provided to all farmers in the country at an interval of 3 years to enable the farmers to apply recommended doses of nutrients based on soil test values to realize improved and sustainable soil health and fertility, low costs and higher profits. Farmers can track their soil samples and also obtain their Soil Health Card report.
  • It is a field-specific detailed report of soil fertility status and other important soil parameters that affect crop productivity.

National Agricultural Market (NAM)  [Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare ]

  • E-NAM (National Agriculture Market) is an online trading platform for agriculture produce aiming to help farmers, traders, and buyers with online trading and getting a better price by smooth marketing.
  • It was launched by the Centre in 2015 and the government had to extend it in a phased manner across the 585 mandis of the country by December 31, 2019.
  • It is managed by Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare. It links agricultural produce market committees (APMCs) across all states with online trading of commodities. While the farmer is the primary stakeholder, e-NAM also provides traders, commission agents and exporters with better business opportunities through a unified and extensive market place. It aims to help them discover better prices and facilitates for smooth marketing of the products through mobile and web applications.

Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) 

  • Its objective is To ensure that farmers get remunerative prices for their produce.
  • It has three components complementing the existing schemes of the Department of Food and Public Distribution for procurement of paddy, wheat and other cereals and coarse grains where procurement takes place at MSP:
  • Price Support Scheme (PSS): Under this, physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies. Besides National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED), FCI will also take up procurement of crops under PSS. The expenditure and losses due to procurement would be borne by the Centre.   (Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare )
  • Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS): This will cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified and Centre will pay the difference between the MSP and actual selling/ model price to the farmer directly into his bank account. Farmers who sell their crops in recognized mandis within the notified period can benefit from it.
  • Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockiest Scheme (PPSS): In the case of oilseeds, the States will have the option to roll out PPSS in select districts where a private player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP. The private player will then be compensated through a service charge up to a maximum of 15% of the MSP of the crop.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

  • PMKSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (Core Scheme) launched in 2015. Centre- States will be 75:25 per cent. In the case of the north-eastern region and hilly states, it will be 90:10.
  • Its objectives are:
    • To expand the cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani),
    • Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level,
    • To enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop),
    • To improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water,
    • To enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in a precision irrigation system.

Kisan Credit Card (KCC)  [Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare ]

  • The Kisan Credit Card Scheme aims to provide timely and adequate credit to farmers to meet their needs at the time of crop production (cultivation expenses) and meeting contingency expenses.
  • It also covers expenses related to ancillary activities through simplified procedures in obtaining loans as and when needed.
  • Objectives:
    • To support post-harvest expenses.
    • To provide adequate and timely credit support from the banking system to the farmers at the cheap rate of interest.    (Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare )
    • To provide credit at the time of requirement.
    • Investment credit requirement for agriculture and allied activities (land development, pump sets, plantation, drip irrigation etc.)
    • To provide Working capital for maintenance of farm assets and activities allied to agriculture.
    • Consumption requirements of farmers.

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK)  [Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare ]

  • KVK is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry.
  • The mandate of KVK is technology assessment and demonstration for its application and capacity development.   (Schemes of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare )
  • It aims at assessment of location specific technology modules in agriculture and allied enterprises, through technology assessment, refinement and demonstrations.
  • KVKs also produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, livestock) and make it available to farmers.
  • The KVK scheme is 100% financed by the Government of India and the KVKs are sanctioned to Agricultural Universities, ICAR institutes, related Government Departments and Non Government Organizations (NGOs) working in Agriculture.
  • KVKs act as a bridge between the laboratories and farmland. According to the Government, these are crucial to fulfilling the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

 

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