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Schemes for Horticulture & Animal Husbandry in India

Schemes for Horticulture & Animal Husbandry in India

HORTICULTURE

  • The horticulture sector consists of crops like Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers, Plantation Crops and Spices.
  • Globally, India is the second largest producer of fruits, and vegetables, the largest producer of mango, banana, coconut, cashew, papaya and pomegranate, and the largest producer and exporter of spices.
  • Horticulture production has exceeded the production of foodgrains and oilseeds in 2012-13, owing to an 6% increase in productivity of horticulture crops between 2008-09 and 2012-13.

Schemes for the horticultural sector

Price Stabilisation Fund Schemes (PSFS)

  • PSFS for tea, coffee, rubber and tobacco growth was launched in April, 2003 against the backdrop of decline in unit value realization of these commodities.
  • The objective of PSF was to safeguard the interests of growers and provide financial relief when prices fall below a specified level.

All erstwhile schemes National Horticulture Mission (NHM), Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayas (HMNEH), National Horticulture Board (NHB), Coconut Development Board (CDB), Central Institute for Horticulture and National Bamboo Mission (NBM) have been subsumed under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) during the twelfth Plan.

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRYING AND FISHERIES

Animal Husbandry

  • Indian Agriculture system is a model of sustainable agriculture, as it is predominantly a mixed crop livestock farming system, with the livestock segment supplementing farm incomes by providing employment, draught animals, and manure.  Schemes for Horticulture & Animal Husbandry in India

Dairy Sector

  • India ranks first in the world in milk production, accounting for 17% of world During 2012-13, milk production peaked at 132.43 mt.
  • It is an important secondary source of income for 70 million rural households engaged in dairying and for 70% of the workforce that comprised women. A new scheme cased the National Dairy Plan Phase I has been launched in March 2012 with the objectives of improving productivity of mulch animals, strengthening and expanding village-level infrastructure for milk procurement, and providing producers greater access to the market in the dairy sector. A comprehensive new scheme National Programme on Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development was launched with the objective of enhancing milk

Fisheries

  • India ranks second in world fish production.
  • The sector contributes 1% to over all GDP and represents 4.6% of agri

Livestock health

  • Live Health and Disease Control Scheme.
  • It is centrally sponsored.  Schemes for Horticulture & Animal Husbandry in India
  • It has lead to overall reduction in incidence of animal diseases in the

Important Schemes for the sector

National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB)

  • Launched in 2000 to be implemented in 10 years.
  • It aims at genetic up gradation and development of indigenous breeds.
  • At present 28 states and one UT are participating in the project.

Livestock Insurance Scheme

  • Implementation as a centrally sponsored scheme on a pilot basis during 2005­06 to 2007-08 in 100 selected districts across the country.
  • Two objectives of the scheme are:
  • Providing protection mechanism to the farmers against any eventual loss of
  • Attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
  • 50% subsidy on premium is provided by the Central Government.
  • The scheme was implemented in the states through respective State Livestock Development Boards.

National Livestock Mission

It has been formulated encompassing seven centrally sponsored and seven central sector schemes, with the objective of sustainable development of the live stock sector. Schemes for Horticulture & Animal Husbandry in India

The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB)

  • NFDB registered in 2006 has been set up to v30y modem tools of R&D like biotechnology in fisheries sector.

A Central Minikit Testing Programme

  • Has been implemented under which Minikits of latest high-yielding fodder varieties are distributed.

 

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