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Salient and Negative features of Nawabs’ Rule

Salient and Negative features of Nawabs’ Rule

Salient features of the Nawabs’ rule included:

  • Bengal under the Nawabs had experienced peace and an orderly administration and trade and industry were also promoted.
  • Jagir lands were transferred into Khalisah lands and fresh revenue settlements were carried out.
  • Hindus and Muslims were given equal opportunities for employment. Mostly Bengali Hindus were appointed to higher civil and military posts.
  • In choosing revenue farmers, preference was given to local zamindars and landlords which became a new landed aristocracy.
  • Trade and commerce expansion was ensured with provision of road safety from thieves and robbers by establishing regular thanas and chowkies.
  • Introduced system of agricultural loans (taccavi) to enable cultivators to pay their land revenue and invest for higher production
  • At the same time, they made sure that proper control was exercised on the foreign trading companies and also strict enforcement of payment of same customs duty as locals to ensure that companies did not abuse the privileges given to them
  • They did not permit these trading companies to fortify their establishments for their factories in Calcutta and Chandernagore respectively

Negative features of Nawabs’ rule:

  • Their revenue farming system proved to be a disaster for the cultivators as the zamindars exploited the base level farmers.
  • New landed aristocracy further deteriorated the condition of farmers.
  • Bengal Nawabs proved to be short-sighted and negligent in respect of the increasing tendency of the British to use military power.
  • They would use this power to threaten or get their demands fulfilled.                                    Salient and Negative features of Nawabs’ Rule
  • They neglected and failed to check the corruption among their officials like the Qazis’ and Muftis’ etc.
  • The foreign trading companies took advantage of corruption at lower levels to undermine official rules and policies.
  • The Bengal Nawabs’ ignorance and lack of touch with the outside world proved fataI as they thought that a mere trading Company cannot threaten their rule and power.
  • They neglected to build a strong army and paid the price by being repeatedly attacked by Marathas in the south to whom Bengal had to cede most of Orissa.

In 1756, English East India Company waged a war (the Battle of Plassey) against Siraj-ud-Daulah, successor of Alivardi Khan, to defeat him and take control of Bengal.

This was facilitated by bribing the officials and nobles in their courts.




Modern History

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