CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

Download

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Union Minister of State for Rural Development has informed in Rajya Sabha about the various steps taken by the government for implementation of the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY).

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

  • SAGY popularly known as ‘Saanjhi’ was launched by PM Narendra Modi under the Government of India on 11th October 2014.
  • SAGY is a development programme project focusing mainly on the social and cultural development of the villages.
  • Under this yojana, each member of the parliament is responsible for developing the institutional and physical infrastructure in three villages each by the year 2019.
  • Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was established with an aim to develop three villages by 2019 followed by the development of five Adarsh Grams by the year 2024.
  • It also aims at achieving objectives apart from infrastructure development along with developing various model villages.

Values of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana

  • Adopting people’s participation as an end in itself – ensuring the involvement of all sections of society in all aspects related to the life of village, especially in decision- making related to governance
  • Adhering to Antyodaya – enabling the “poorest and the weakest person” in the village to achieve well being
  • Affirming gender equality and ensuring respect for women
  • Guaranteeing social justice
  • Instilling dignity of labour and the spirit of community service and voluntarism
  • Promoting a culture of cleanliness
  • Living in consonance with nature – ensuring a balance between development and ecology
  • Preserving and promoting local cultural heritage
  • Inculcating mutual cooperation, self-help and self-reliance
  • Fostering peace and harmony in the village community
  • Bringing about transparency, accountability and probity in public life
  • Nurturing local self-governance
  • Adhering to the values enshrined in the Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties of the Indian Constitution.

Objectives Of SAGY

  • To trigger processes which lead to the holistic development of the identified Gram Panchayats.
  • Improving the standard of living and quality of life of all sections of the population by improving the basic amenities, enhancing human development, creating higher productivity, enhancing human development, providing better livelihood opportunities, reducing disparities and enriching social capital.
  • Generating models of local level development and effective local governance to motivate and inspire the neighbouring Gram Panchayats for adaptation.
  • To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of local development to train other Gram Panchayats.

Process

  • Gram Panchayat (GP): The basic unit for development.
  • Lok Sabha MP: Chooses a GP from within his/her constituency.
  • Rajya Sabha MP: Chooses a GP from the rural area of a district of his/her choice in the State from which he/she is elected.
  • Nominated MP: Chooses a GP from the rural area of any district in the country.
  • The MPs engage with the community, facilitate the Village Development Plan and mobilise the necessary resources particularly from Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and philanthropies.                                                                      Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
  • MPs also fill up critical gaps in the plan using the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) funds.

Expected Outcomes

  • 100% registration of deaths and births.
  • Increased livelihoods/employment opportunities.
  • Freedom from bonded labour, child labour and manual scavenging.
  • Reduction in distress migration.
  • Demonstration effect on other Gram Panchayats.
  • Evolution of alternate dispute resolution system acceptable to all sections of the community.
  • Peace and Harmony.

Issues

  • Lack of Interest and Funds:In many SAGY villages, the MPs did not give any significant funds from MPLADS.
  • Low Selection of Panchayats: So far, only 2,111 gram panchayats have so far been identified under this programme and of that, 1,618 have prepared their development plans. A total of 79,316 activities have been planned for these villages, of which 49,756 have been completed.
  • Rural Roads:Concerns have also been raised over the quality of roads constructed under schemes of state governments and maintenance of rural roads under central Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).                                                                          Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
  • Lack of Political Will:The concept of SAGY has not percolated down to field officials due to lack of accountability and political will.
  • Limited Impact:In some cases, where MPs have been proactive, some infrastructure development has taken place, but the scheme has not made any perceptible impact.
  • Issues with Declaration:Even villages declared as Adarsh Grams in some districts were found yet to be Open Defecation Free.
  • Low Convergence of MGNREGA with MPLAD:Lesser convergence of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) with MPLAD was observed in few villages.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/svamitva-scheme/

Mussoorie Times

Send this to a friend