ROLE OF S&T IN SOCIO – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ROLE OF S&T IN SOCIO – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
- The scientific policy resolution envisages securing for the people of the country, all the benefits that can accrue from acquisition and application of scientific knowledge.
- To achieve this aim, the DST has evolved many programmes for finding ways and means for application of S&T knowledge for overall socio-economic development of the masses.
- It is devoted to evolving and implementing specific programmes to promote application of S&T to improve the quality of life, especially for the disadvantages sections of the society.
The areas in which significant achievements have been made are —
- Setting up of technology parks for women in various states. These aim at giving maximum benefits of S&T knowledge for the upliftment of women.
- Creation of sustainable employment including self employment through the application of S&T by means of various schemes and programmes on promotion of S&T based entrepreneurship. More than one lakh persons have been trained and have developed self-employment and other sustainable opportunities through these programmes.
- At the district level, projects under S&T entrepreneurship development scheme are in operation in various backward districts with the objective of establishing micro-enterprise.
- Training of agricultural labour, especially SC youth, in the use of modern agricultural appliances for improved productivity and better quality of life for labour.
- Development and operationalization of farm oriented low cost technology for utilization of modern scientific inputs like new irrigation mechanisms and processes; better fertilisers and seeds including bio-fertilisers, bio pesticides etc.
- Development of low cost housing, sanitation and water management technologies.
- Development and dissemination of appropriate technologies in artisanal pottery, artisanal blacksmithy and artisanal leather training for proving employment and improved earnings to backward people.
- Technologies for eco-restoration and sustainable use of biomass in the hilly region.
- Developing livelihood base for tribals through watershed development.
- Development of appropriate technologies in sectors like horticulture, sericulture etc and training rural people in adopting them as productive employment and income generation source.
Apart from the ministry of S&T, the other scientific departments have also been working towards evolving and promoting useful applications of S&T in socio-economic development of the nation in general and of the weaker sections of the society in particular.
The significant achievements have been :
- National Resource data management system has been devised to evolve a scientific methodology for collection, collation, dissemination and utilization of data on natural resources in a given region.
- The department of space has utilized its expertise in space S&T for socio-economic development in a wide variety of ways — from remote sensing to disaster management, from meteorology to broadcasting, from agro — climatic mapping to natural resources prospecting and from distance education to telemedicine among other.
- The department of atomic energy has applied S&T knowledge in socio-economic development through applications like power generation, water purification, nuclear medicine, preservation of agricultural produce and food products etc.
- The department of biotechnology has developed useful applications of science in areas like development of high yielding crop varieties; genetic improvement of livestock; health care development of diagnostic kits, vaccines, antibiotics etc; development of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides to improve agricultural productivity, development of bio agents for pollution management etc.
- Another important role that S&T has played in socio economic development of the country is the development of environment management technologies which go a long way in achieving the goal of sustainable development. Development of eco-friendly, clean technologies as well as the damage controlling clean-up technologies has played a multi-dimensional role in ensuring good health, sustainable resources and mitigations of environmental hazards.
- The programmes for poverty alleviation, rural development, employment generation, upliftment of weaker sections and agricultural productivity enhancement are all inter related and overlapping and S&T has played a very vital role in making them a success. Programmes like —
- generating technologies for non-traditional occupations like aquaculture, horticulture, sericulture, manufacturing in small scale/cottage and village industries etc.
- technologies for conservation of local resources and thereby saving -people from disasters like drought, floods etc through training in soil and water conservation technologies, water harvesting technologies etc.
- development of non-conventional energy sources like biogas, solar cookers etc to improve the quality of life of the people.
- Improvement of income generation in traditional as well as non — traditional occupations e.g. improved technology for drudgery reduction for pullers of cycle rickshaw; power looms for faster and easier weaving; training in vegetable dyeing and printing etc.
- Rural health programme, making use of new knowledge in medical sciences in all aspects of health and family welfare — from contraception to maternal and child health, from immunization to primary health network and from safe drinking water to telemedicine facilities. It is because of the developments in S&T and its applications that many killer diseases have been eradicated or their damaging potential minimized and proven treatment and therapies are available for many others, thereby vastly improving the life expectancy.
Thus, S&T has played a very important role in the socio-economic development of the country.