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Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values

Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values


  • Values are regarded enviable, imperative and are apprehended with high esteem by a particular society in which a person lives. Values give meaning and strength to an individual’s character by occupying a central place in his/her life.
  • Values reflect one’s personal attitude and judgments, decisions and choices, behaviour and relationships, dreams and vision. These values influence our thoughts, feelings & actions and guide us to do the right things.
  • Values are the guiding principles of life that contribute to the all round development of an individual. They give a direction to life and thus bring joy, satisfaction and peace. Values add quality to life.
  • Thus, one might say that any human activity, thought or idea, feeling, sentiment or emotion, which promotes self development of an individual, constitutes a value. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • The other corresponding function of a value is that it should also contribute to the welfare of the larger social unit such as the family, the community and the nation of which an individual is a constituent. Value system is the backbone of the society.
  • Values may vary from one society to another and from time to time. But, every society abides by certain moral values, and, these values are accepted by all the societies as “Global values”.


  • In ancient India, the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Epics manifested and upheld the values of Indian society. More importance was given to morality, honesty, duty, truth, friendship, brotherhood, etc.
  • They were the themes of Indian culture and society.
  • Imparting value education and reforming the society were the only aims and objectives of the teachers of ancient age.
  • But in the present scenario, due to manifold changes in various aspects of our civilization such as population explosion, advancement in science and technology, knowledge expansion, rapid industrialization, urbanization, mobilization, IT revolution, liberalization, privatization & globalization as well as the influence of western culture, present society has become highly dynamic.
  • Modernization process is accompanied with multifold problems, anxieties and worries to human life, endangering its original simple nature.
  • Growing global poverty, pollution, hunger, disease, unemployment, unsociability, caste system, child labour, gender inequality, ill-treatment of women, violence, disability, exploitation of natural resources and many such evils have caused value- crisis on the globe, adversely affecting the core human values such as honesty, sincerity, morality and humanity and, as such, there is a great transition in human society.
  • To overcome the problems of the present era, inculcation of values among individuals and promotion of values in educational system, as well as society, is highly essential.


  • There has been a rapid corrosion of ethical and moral values in the Indian society.
  • Before independence we were economically poor, our health conditions were deplorable and child mortality rates were very high. We had very few universities and almost no heavy industry.
  • Our agriculture production was very low and very often we faced famines. After independence, we have made rapid progress in agriculture and industry, in education-and in almost every sector of our life.
  • Our progress may not have been as spectacular as that of Korea and Japan. But it is certainty of a level of which we can be proud.
  • However, we had one thing before independence which we have lost now in a considerable manner and that is pride for character, and, our sagacity of ethical and moral values.
  • Before independence, we fought against the mighty British Empire with the weapons like truth and nonviolence by adopting noble means for the noble cause.
  • According to a Japanese saying, a poor teacher tells, an average teacher teaches, a good teacher explains, an excellent teacher demonstrates and a great teacher inspires.
  • To inspire the students, a teacher should discharge twin roles – one to mould himself and other to mould others.
  • We held our heads high and could give sermons on character and moral values to all the nations and commanded a great deal of respect. Everybody here had a sense of national pride and patriotism.
  • The State had full faith that once we gained independence, we shall be able to perform miracles on the basis of our moral and spiritual strengths.
  • After attaining independence, no doubt, the nation made rapid strides in all fields, but we lost our character and pride in our values. It is rightly said ‘if wealth is lost, nothing is lost,: if health is lost, something is lost; but, if character is lost, everything is lost.’
  • This holds true not only for individuals, but also for the nation. From the above discussion we can summarize the need of values as below:
  • To guide the human beings in the right path, to inculcate the concept of ‘universal brotherhood’ and to achieve the absolute values of Truth, Goodness and Beauty;
  • To give direction and firmness to life and bring joy, satisfaction and peace, of life, to preserve our culture and heritage and to develop morality and character;
  • To bring the behavioral changes towards positivism;
  • To promote the peace and harmony in the individuals and in the society;
  • To bring quality of life and sustainable development in the society.
  • Above all, the most important need is to inculcate all the five core values (truth, righteousness, peace, love and non-violence) among the people to make them good human beings in true sense.

HUMAN VALUES AND FAMILY [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • The family is the only unit in society based on need. To a degree, this was the same in Roman times, although the extensive fiduciary support we have come to take as the norm in this day and age (i.e. supporting parent benefits, child endowments, etc.) did not exist in Falco’s times.
  • The task, role and function of families have not changed with time. The family has a responsibility to pass on to the children many truths and values, and competencies to achieve their station in life, whatever the society, whatever the culture or times.
  • The eternal values of Truth, Right Conduct, Peace, Love and Harmlessness (Non-Violence) are passed on first through the family; mothers are the first teachers. Mother is foundational, central, life-bringer and life-shaper.
  • From their mothers, children acquire self knowledge, self confidence, learn self-satisfaction, self-worth, the capacity for self-sacrifice and realise themselves as human beings, competent to move beyond the veil of I, Me, Mine, to kindness, friendship, generosity, compassion, tolerance, responsibility and service to society. These qualities, they acquire in the family. The family has a needed developmental task, in order to shape the child to find his or her place in society with confidence.

If we examine the role of family and the value of Truth, immediately ‘tell the truth’ comes to mind. Children are taught to tell the Truth; so Truth is something that existed before they were born, and is innate within them. How is this elicited and made present in the lives of children? Children can be taught the capacity to distinguish between truth and untruth in words, and thus, the eternal, pre-existing truth may be known and practised. Truth is primarily known in speech.

As we have seen in Venus in Copper (where Truth took a bit of a beating) Truth is comprised of several sub-values; we can also call these behaviours, components, attitudes that make truth present. These are, as we recall, truthfulness, creativity, self-reflection, honesty, determination, fairness and trust.

If we marry this up with the tasks of the family, then children, we could say, are
learning to know what truth is. Pastimes and activities are learning opportunities wants, ants, needs, desires and whatever else drives children clash with the real world, where children learn to know their world, self knowledge, their role and place in family as a learner, as a social unit, I, Me, Myself, my skills, my ability, my problem solving skills, my intelligence, my contribution.

Right Conduct [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • As our chart above shows, Right Conduct scopes to self-confidence, learning to do (it right) and skill mastery. Looking at the sub values and attitude components of right conduct, we saw that these included manners, health awareness, helpfulness, responsibility, independence, perseverance and courage.
  • These are fruitful, life-enhancing skills and abilities, capacity within, which, when named, shown, modelled and elicited, bring about self confidence, true humanness and transcendence; children are in touch with the eternal righteousness which is the support of all the moral order of this world, the universe and the next.
  • The family is the place where children learn good table manners, to eat properly, to keep themselves clean. These learnings impart the values of good manners and responsibility.
  • Children learn helpfulness when they help around the home, in their bedrooms, and in fulfilling household chores.
  • Perseverance is learned when a self-set task or a family task is pursued to completion and satisfaction. The environment of filial love and homely love enable the children to complete this and achieve self confidence.

Peace [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • The role of families in inculcating Peace leads to self-satisfaction, learning to live together and interior balance, something which is a priceless gift.
  • The sub-values of peace and attitudes inherent in this are patience, concentration, positiveness, self-acceptance, self-discipline, thankfulness and contentment.
  • Patience is self-management, self-control, mind management and tolerance. Concentration leads to success in any activity; positiveness bespeaks humbleness, modesty, humility, esteem and personal self-regard. These are imparted by the parents by way of role modelling.
  • Self acceptance leads to self-reliance, confidence, unafraid and self-possession. Self discipline rests on self-worth, that quality of having a sense of values in face of temptations.
  • Love itself is self-disciplined and sets its own example in this regard. Self management and self control are modelled by the parents in many ways, from behaviour, to language, to spending habits.
  • Thankfulness is gratitude, appreciation, acknowledgement and recognition. Contentment is peace of mind, satisfaction, heart’s ease, a satisfied conscience and reconciliation with all-that-is. These attitudes and qualities add up to manifestation of the value of Peace. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values

Love binds families, love is the glue of all existence. The responsibility of all family task lies in moving children beyond that attitude of I, Me, Mine, continual grasping and wanting to unselfish, self worth, self sacrifice and Insight: I am loved, I am lovable, I am loving, I am Love. The sub values of love and its component attitudes are kindness, friendship, generosity, compassion, tolerance, and service, that is, self-giving that births selflessness, doing, giving, giving love, giving goodness. Tolerance, unselfishness, sharing of possessions and toys, cooperation between family members all manifest love.

Kindness has aspects of benevolence, responsiveness, understanding, courtesy, sympathy and decency. Friendship is about caring, sharing, companionship, being there, warmth, cordiality and heartiness. Forgiveness is pardon and discarding the offence; it is mercy, grace, graciousness, remitting the fault, forbearance, wiping the slate clean and burying the hatchet. Generosity is giving, bestowing, donation of time, talents and resources. Compassion is fellow feeling, feeling “for” the other, feeling “with” the other; it is capacity, insight, understanding and feeling the other’s situation. Tolerance is forbearance, restraint, patience, live-and-let-live, an unhurried calm to live together, to allow the other to be. Service, as we have seen is self giving, doing, giving, donation of time, skill, service for the ultimate good of the other, simply because there is love.

Non Violence [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • Non-violence and harmlessness is the ultimate human competency learned in the hearth of the family. It is self-realisation, learning to be, acquisition of identity amidst the constant changing world of name and form.
  • Non-violence is comprised of the following sub values and attitudes: consideration, cooperation, global stewardship, loyalty, active citizenship, justice, and respect.
  • Consideration comprises attentiveness of others and awareness; cooperation is inclusiveness and harmony.
  • Global stewardship is the practice of being a socially responsible citizen with an eye to the future, and the world we are creating for ourselves and our children, and their children.
  • Loyalty has elements of reliability, trust, compassion and commitment. Active Citizenship expresses love for one’s fellow man and country; it is love of the motherland and nation-building, law abiding presence. Justice is the fulfilment of compassion and leads to peace.
  • Justice has outcomes that satisfy conscience, righteousness and upholds eternal values.
  • Respect scopes to include the individual, others, the conscience, and embodies social identity with tolerance, harmlessness, love, being and forbearance. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values

So we can see that the role and function of family is an enormous developmental task; in addition to conferring knowledge, skill, balance, insight and identity, it has to elicit those eternal human values within as well. Children must develop their problem-solving skills along with self-satisfaction, a sense of self-worth and take their place competently, in the social order.

  • Families are not without stress and strain, and breakages. The family, as we have said, is a social unit based on need, which has the responsibility of producing skillful, healthful and active contributors to the life of society.
  • A family is a web of relationships; the spouses have their bond, their relationships; siblings bond to their parents and each other, even in the face of sibling rivalry.
  • Husband and Wife, in addition to having their bond, have tasks, must work, garner an income, raise a family, and inculcate all it is that the children must learn.
  • When a family breaks down, there can be blame, resentment, distress, a gaping emotional hole in the hearts of all who were that family unit. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • When one or another partner leaves, the basic tasks as illuminated in our chart may fail to be completed; development and growth tasks may be absent, role modelling may fail, or be rejected, and inner conflict and self-blame may occur within the children. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • So we see that there are enormous burdens on this social unit called family, this network of relationships (which includes the extended family) which is the most needy unit of all; it needs bonds, structures, boundaries and strength in order to fulfill all its tasks with love and responsibility.

GLOBALIZATION AND VALUES [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • Globalization has not only brought about a turmoil in the economic scenario worldwide, but it has also influenced every aspect of human life and relations. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • Globalization has ushered a market culture into family life and human relations.
  • Value education inculcates in a child higher moral and social ideals together with spiritual values so that he is able to form a strong character useful to his own self and the society of which he is an integral part.

EDUCATION AND VALUES [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

The significance of education and values as well as role of values in the development of society in general and individual in particular can be analyzed from the studies quoted below.

  • The teachers play a pivotal role and also act as a kingpin so far as the teacher-parent cooperation is concerned. He also emphasized that the media contributes significantly in the promotion of values.
  • The prosperity of a country depends neither on the abundance of its revenues nor on the beauty of its public buildings, but its cultivated citizens, in its men of education, enlightenment and character.
  • Education can be defined as a composite discipline must conform to the socio­economic, socio-political and socio-cultural conditions.
  • Society can overcome most of the problems of 21st century by imparting life skills education with values as the most important ingredient. They explained the human values and value education in a broader perspective which can lay the foundation of a society having equity and justice as its motto.
  • Moral values have always been at the core of all major religions in the world and the dark realities of our times call for greater emphasis and assertion of such values. The goal of education goes beyond the mere confines of knowledge based learning and provision of skills, as it also seeks to nurture holistic human beings possessing universal human values which make life worth living.
  • Value-oriented education is the need of the hour to make all possible attempts to inculcate value-oriented education in the centers of learning.


  • Teachers’ role is very vital in molding the future of a country and, as such, it is considered the noblest profession. Teachers are the ideals to their pupils.
  • An educational institute should not be just confined to teaching and learning but it should be considered as a place where consciousness is aroused and illumined; soul is purified and strengthened.
  • It is the place where the seeds of discipline, devotion and commitment are planted and fostered with deliberate efforts. A constructive companionship between teachers and students has to be developed. Gurus like Parshuram, Bhishma and Drona influenced their students by practicing what they preached. In a nutshell, a teacher in real sense is one who himself practices the human values. He should walk his talk to leave an ever lasting impression in the minds of students.

CONCLUSION [Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values]

  • In brief, we can say that values are the guiding principles of life which are conducive to all round development. They give direction to life and bring joy, satisfaction and peace to life. But there is great degradation and devaluation with respect to values among people in general and teachers in particular.
  • There is also devaluation in various spheres of life such as political, social, philosophical, economic, educational, cultural, religious, administrative, etc. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • The social, economic, cultural and human values play a very important role in the overall development of society and help in achieving the socialistic pattern of the society.
  • There should be congenial conditioning or proper environment in the society which includes parents, teachers, educators as well as administrators for inculcating values i.e. moral, spiritual, religious, social, economic and cultural values, etc. among the students/ youths.
  • Promotion of human values in the society depends on the promotion of good qualities among individuals. In every tradition and in every country the place of a teacher, not only in the institution but also in society, has been glorified.
  • In a nutshell it can be concluded that education without vision is waste, education without value is crime, and education without mission is life burden.
  • A nation with atomic power is not a strong nation but a nation with people with strong character is indeed a strong nation. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values
  • Therefore, for the sustainable human development as well as for the social growth, there is a need of value based education, spiritual education, ethical education, as well as need based education. Role of Family- Society & Educational Institutions in inculcating values



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