Relations With Bhutan
- Bhutan is a large hilly country to the East of Sikkim and at India’s northern border.
- Warren Hastings established friendly relations with the ruler of Bhutan after 1774 when Bhutan permitted Bengal to trade with Tibet through its territory.
- Relations between the Government of India and Bhutan became unsatisfactory after 1815.
- The British now began to cast greedy eyes upon the narrow strip or territory of about 1,000 square miles at the base of Bhutan hills containing a number of duars or passes.
- This area would give India a well-defined and defendable border and useful tea-lands to the British planters.
- In 1841, Lord Auckland annexed the Assam duars.
- The relations between India and Bhutan were further strained by the intermittent raids made by the Bhutiyas (tribal group) on the Bengal side of the border.
- In 1865, a brief war broke out between the British and Bhutan.
- The fighting was utterly one-sided and was settled by a treaty signed in November 1865.