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Q8. How did the colonists exploit the Slave trade in different phases of their expansionism?

ANSWER:

Colonists’ expansionist policies had severe impact on the indigenous population of the colonies. The Spanish rule in Americas had resulted large-scale extermination of original inhabitants/Native-Americans because of diseases against which the local population had no immunity. They were also forced to work in mines in hazardous condition and were massacred, if resisted.

Europeans also introduced plantation system in North America, West Indies and Brazil and required huge supply of laborers for the cultivation of sugarcane, cotton and tobacco. Hence it became necessary to establish trading posts in the coastal areas of Africa to keep steady supply of African slaves.

Later, Britain and other powers used “abolition of slavery” as an excuse to wage war against African chiefs and kings, but their hidden aim was to expand territorial possession.

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