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Q7. How did the conditions of the division of Germany after the World War II lead to the Cold War?

Victors in World War II had drawn the line of demarcation between Soviet and Western spheres of influence in 1945. France, Britain, and the United States held the Western two-thirds of Germany, while Russia held the eastern third. Stalin and the Western allies were at odds over the fate of Germany.

In 1948, the United States and its allies made military and economic alliances: They unified the three sectors of west, introduced new currency in West Germany and Marshall Plan to stop the spread of Communism. On the other hand, USSR introduced new currency in East Germany and introduced stranglehold on Berlin which itself lay deep inside East Germany.

The Allied solution responded by an airlift of supplies into West Berlin. Stopping the airlift would require shooting down American and British planes, which might provoke a war and resulted in saving Berlin.

The importance of the Berlin Crisis was that it stopped further Stalinist aggression in Europe. The same month that the blockade was lifted (May, 1949), West Germany was formed as a parliamentary democracy.

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