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Q5. What were the implications and contributions of the age of enlightenment?


There were several important implications from the views of the Age of Enlightenment.

  • The first was the awareness of the process of human reasoning as an important intellectual power in generating new knowledge.
  • Secondly, scientists and social scientists had an important responsibility to help in the effort to create a society as “new intellectuals” or “public intellectuals.”
  • Third, they all advocated the importance of space in the educational system in order to teach sociology which encompassed various fields under the discipline of social science.


The Age of Enlightenment made several important contributions to the development of social science in the West.

  • First, it provided intensive and extensive observations on the history of humankind, societies/societal traits, human traits and the characteristics of the natural world.
  • Secondly, it expanded the Western educational system by introducing secular knowledge.
  • Thirdly, it encouraged the establishment of learned societies to begin discourses of current social issues.


Enlightenment inspired the creation of the world’s first great democracy, the United States of America. It also prompted the beginning of Industrial Revolution, which provided rural dwellers with jobs and gave birth to wave of urbanization.

The Enlightenment was a period of nearly unbounded optimism and faith in the human race’s ability to solve its own problems, including restructuring government and society along more reasonable lines.

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