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Q2. Why the period 750-1000 A.D. known as the golden age of Islam?

The period of roughly 750-1000 C.E. is known as a cultural golden age for Islam.  The basis for such a golden age was the orderliness and resulting prosperity that Arab rule brought the empire from India to the Atlantic.  The Arabs flourished as middlemen in a trade that involved silks and porcelains from China, gems and spices from India, slaves and gold from Africa, and slaves and furs from Europe.

Arabs assimilated and fused Indian, Persian, and Greek cultures.  From India, the Arabs picked up two concepts essential to the evolution of mathematics: the place value digit and zero.  From the Persians, the Arabs inherited the full scope of Near Eastern cultures, art and literature .The Greeks also contributed substantially to Muslim culture in the fields of philosophy, math, science, and architecture.  Arab rule and civilization had important results by way of providing economic stability and the spread of civilization.

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