CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

Q2. Describe the political environment in Russia before the Revolution?

Nineteenth century Europe was undergoing important social, economic and political transformation. Monarchies had been replaced by republics like France or had been transformed to constitutional monarchies like England. New middle classes were replacing the old feudal aristocracies. However Russia was still living in ‘the old world’ under the autocratic rule of the Czars, Romanovs had been ruling Russia for three centuries. Czar Nicholas II, in whose reign the Revolution occurred, still believed in the divine right of kings, and regarded to save absolutism as a sacred duty. The bureaucracy that the Czars had built was top heavy, inflexible and inefficient, the members being recruited from amongst the privileged classes rather than on the basis of any ability.

The Russian Czars had built a vast empire by conquest of diverse nationalities in Europe and Asia. In these conquered areas, they imposed the use of the Russian language and tried to belittle the cultures of the people of these areas. Russia’s imperialist expansion brought her into conflicts with other imperialist powers. Also in 1905, Russia had suffered major; humiliating military defeats in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).These wars further exposed the hollowness of the czarist state.

Russian participation in World War I brought the economic and social life to standstill. The only people who supported the Czar were the nobility and the upper layers of the clergy. All the rest of the population in the vast Russian empire was hostile.

Political environment in Russia Political environment in Russia Political environment in RussiaPolitical environment in Russia Political environment in RussiaPolitical environment in RussiaPolitical environment in RussiaPolitical environment in RussiaPolitical environment in RussiaPolitical environment in Russia Political environment in RussiaPolitical environment in Russia Political environment in Russia

Send this to a friend