Q.What should be the right strategy to prepare for Ethics paper?
How to prepare for ethics Paper?
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) (250 Marks)
Introduction of this Paper:
This paper will include questions to test the candidate’s attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
What are mentioned in Syllabus?
The following broad areas will be covered.
• Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
• Human Values: Lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
• Attitude: Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
• Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service: Integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
• Emotional Intelligence: Concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
• Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
• Public/Civil Service values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
• Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
• Case Studies on above issues
What are the Resources?
1. 2nd ARC Report on Ethics in Governance- This report should be read thoroughly as it helps considerably with GS2 as well.
2. Class notes or Lexicon will make you understand the ease of every keyword.
3. YouTube Videos- Short videos on Thinkers will let you know about Moral thinkers for e.g. The School of life.
4. My Experiment with truth- M.K. Gandhi.
5. The difficulty of being good – Gurcharan Das.
How to Prepare?
· Finish the syllabus by referring the recommended resources.
· Join a Tests Series.(Brainy IAS)
· Discuss current events involving ethical behavior
· Solve maximum case studies
· Watch debate of ethical dilemma
In this paper, we find our own space, where we come out of books and write like an administrator’s point of view. And this is what we have to write in answers, everyone can write the theory part very well with lots of big concepts of morality and ethics but most of them miss the real center and that is the applicability of the theory part for administrator or in administration.
So here we go:
First try to write the case studies, so that you can think with bit fresh mind and clear thoughts.
In case studies, not all are the same types, it has lots of variation, some are the situation based, some are rule-based, some are regarding conflict of interest.
So, do not follow the common format in all case studies, except one thing, write down what you have inferred from the case given in 3-4 points, it shows your ability of clearly understanding the things.
Now, if the question is regarding conflict of interest, write down what kind of ethical dilemma you are facing in that situation, personal vs professional, the community at large vs administration.
Now, when it comes to what you will decide to do? There are three option, YES, NO and MEDIUM PATH (best is within the constitutional framework).
And here if write what has been written in books or given by test series, it will be a bit tough to score good marks, write your own decision and write like an administrator.
And whenever you take some stand, justify it with a constitutional provision, it gives weight to our decisions.
In conclusion write FRs or DPSPs or some other provisions or Civil service values (in case of supporting old aged, वंचित वर्ग, etc.)
After completing the case studies, jump on theory part, write first few questions very well, and when you write the answers, do not forget to write examples whether form real life, your own experiences but don’t make it personal (write in third person not first person), or some hypothetical examples, but must write at least 2 examples per question, that differentiate your answer from common answers.
Finally, ethics paper is about practicality, it does not require lots of reading or bookish knowledge, you have integrate what you know till then, just understand the definitions of basic keywords, and basic theories and what you need is adding the flavor of your own thoughts as an administrator.
This paper is relatively more time taking because we have to think in case studies and we have to understand them clearly, so while writing answers keep an eye on the watch too and try to complete the paper.
And last but not the least, if we follow good ethics and morals in our life, good thoughts and good decision will follow in answer, just we have to channelize them to give meaning.