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Public Services

Public Services

Introduction

  • As per Article 312 of the Indian Constitution, the Parliament is entitled to create one or more All India services (including an All India Judicial Service) common to the Union and the States.
    • The recruitment to all these services is made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).                                                            Public Services
    • For administrative services at the state level, the recruitment is made by the State Public Service Commission (SPSC).
  •   The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central recruiting agency in India.
    •  It is an independent constitutional body.
    • The provisions regarding the composition of UPSC, appointment and removal of its members and the powers and functions of UPSC are provided in Part XIV of the Indian Constitution under Article 315 to Article 323.
  • Parallel to the UPSC at the Centre, there is a State Public Service Commission (SPSC) in the state.
    • The provisions regarding the composition of SPSC, appointment and removal of its members and the powers and functions of SPSC are provided in Part XIV of the Indian Constitution under Article 315 to Article 323.                                                                    Public Services

Constitutional Provisions

  • Article 315: Constitution of Public Service Commissions (PSC) for the Union and for the States of India.
  • Article 316: Appointment and term of office of members of UPSC as well as SPSC.
  • Article 317: Removal and suspension of a member of both the UPSC or SPSC.
  • Article 318: Power to make regulations for the conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
  • Article 319: Prohibition of holding the office by members of Commission upon ceasing to be such members.
  • Article 320: States the functions of Public Service Commissions.
  • Article 322: Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
  • Article 323: Reports of Public Service Commissions.

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