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Protected Planet Report 2020

Protected Planet Report 2020

Why in news?

  • The report, titled Protected Planet Report 2020, underlined the progress the world has made toward the ambitious goals agreed by countries in 2010 at the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.

Key Findings of the Report

  • Increase in OECMs:
    • Since OECMs were first recorded in 2019, these areas have added a further 1.6 million km2 to the global network.
    • Of the area now covered by protected areas and OECMs, 42% was added in the past decade.
    • Despite being limited to only five countries and territories, the available data on OECMs show that they make a significant contribution to coverage and connectivity.
  • Increase in Protected Area:
    • Protected areas covering almost 21 million km2 have been added to the global network.
    • As many as 82% of countries and territories have increased their share of protected area and coverage of Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures (OECM) since 2010.
  • Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs):
    • KBAs are sites that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity, in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems.
    • On an average, 62.6% of KBA either fully or partially overlap with protected areas and OECMs.
    • There was an increase of 5 percentage points or less in each case since 2010, the greatest growth in marine and coastal areas.
    • The average percentage of each KBA within protected areas and OECMs is 43.2% for terrestrial; 42.2% for inland water and 44.2% for marine (within national waters).

About the Protected Planet Report 2020

  • The reports are released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) with support from the National Geographic Society, a global non-profit.
  • The 2020 edition provides the final report on the status of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11, and looks to the future as the world prepares to adopt a new post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
  • Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 aimed to conserve 17% of land and inland water ecosystems and 10% of its coastal waters and oceans by 2020.

India’s scenario

  • India has 2.4 per cent global land share, about eight per cent global biodiversity and around 16 per cent global population
  • However, it has lost 12 per cent of its wild mammals, 19 per cent amphibians and 3 per cent birds over last five decades.
  • India’s ecological footprint per person is less than 1.6 global hectares (gha) / person (smaller than that of many large countries). But, its high population size have made the gross footprint significantly high.

Challenges

  • Management effectiveness assessments have been conducted across only 18.29% of the area covered by protected areas, and it is likely that many do not meet the standards for full effectiveness.
  • Governance is a key contributor to effective conservation. Both protected areas and OECMs can have a variety of governance regimes: government, private, governance by indigenous peoples and local communities, or any combination of these.
  • Integrating protected areas and OECMs across landscapes and seascapes, and in development sectors, remains a crucial challenge for ensuring the persistence of biodiversity. Measurable targets for integrated land-use and marine spatial planning are needed to facilitate progress.
  • Data are still poor on governance diversity and quality for protected areas and OECMs.New guidance and better reporting can provide new opportunities to better recognise and support the conservation efforts of diverse groups, including indigenous peoples, local communities, and private actors.

Reforms suggested

  • Making food production and trade more efficient and ecologically sustainable.
  • Reducing waste and favouring healthier and more environmentally friendly diets.

 

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/asian-development-outlook-ado-2021-report/

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