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Project Digitial India

 Project Digital India

Project digital India is a campaign launched by the Government of India which will take India to a new high to ensure that government services are made available to citizens electronically and to increase Internet connectivity and digital literacy in order to empower people. It was launched in July 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Project digital India consists of three core components:

  1. Creation of digital infrastructure: The Government of India entity Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL), which executes the National Optical Fibre Network project, is the custodian of the Digital India (DI) project. It has an objective to connect 250,000 villages through broadband network. This will provide the first basic set-up to achieve towards Project Digital India. The government is planning to set up at least one Common Service Centre in each of the gram panchayats.
  2. Digital literacy: Literacy Mission will cover six crore rural households. To connect rural India, the Government of India compelled email services provider giants, including Gmail, Office, and Rediff, to provide email address in regional languages.
  3. Delivery of services digitally: Some of the facilities that will be provided through this initiative are digital locker, e-education, e-health, e-sign, national scholarship portal, and e-sampark.

 Digi locker facility will help citizens to digitally store their important documents such as PAN card, passport, mark sheets, and degree certificates. Digital locker will provide secure access to government-issued documents. It uses authenticity services provided by Aadhaar. It is aimed at eliminating the use of physical documents and enables the sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. Three key stakeholders of Digi Locker are citizen, issuer, and requester under project digital India. is a website to keep a record of the attendance of government employees on a real-time basis. This initiative started with implementation of a common biometric attendance system (BAS) in the central government offices located in Delhi. is a platform to share inputs and ideas on matters of policy and governance. It is a platform for citizen engagement in governance.

 Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) mobile app is being used by people and government organizations digital India for achieving the goals of the Swachh Bharat Mission.

e-Sign framework allows citizens to digitally sign a document online using Aadhaar authentication.

e-Hospital application provides important services such as online registration, payment of fees and appointment, online diagnostic reports, enquiring availability of blood online, etc.

 National Scholarship Portal is a one-step solution for end-to-end scholarship process right from the submission of student application, verification, sanction, and disbursal to end beneficiary for all the scholarships provided by the Government of India.

e-Sampark is a mechanism to contact citizens electronically, sending informational and public service messages via e-mails, SMSs, and outbound dialling.

Universal Basic Income

The Universal Basic Income (UBI) is about giving cash under one umbrella, what is already being given in-kind and cash benefits) via different channels.

Its objective remains the same: to eliminate the public distribution system and, with it, the food, fuel, and fertilizer subsidies. In other words, UBI will be an efficient substitute for a plethora of existing welfare schemes and subsidies.

The idea of UBI has been gaining ground globally. Economic Survey 2017 justified the introduction of UBI citing several reasons:

  • Promoting social justice, reducing poverty, and an unconditional cash transfer under project digital India that lets the beneficiary decide how the money is to be used.
  • Direct cash transfer through a JAM (Jan Dhan-Aadhaar Mobile) platform would be more efficient compared to the “existing welfare schemes which are riddled with misallocation, leakages and exclusion of the poor.”
  • Unemployment due to automation.
  • Extreme poverty in some regions.

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Indian Economy

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