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PRITHVI MISSILE SYSTEM

PRITHVI MISSILE SYSTEM

  • The Prithvi (in Sanskrit ‘earth’) missile is a family of tactical surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM) developed by DRDO of India. The Prithvi was India’s first indigenously developed ballistic missile.
  • Development of the Prithvi began in 1983, and it was first test-fired on February 25, 1988 from Sriharikota, SHAR Centre, Potti Sriramulu Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. It has a range of up to 150 to 300 km.
  • It can carry a payload of 500 kg up to 250 km and payload of 1000 kg up to 150 km. The land variant is called Prithvi while the naval operational variant of Prithvi I and Prithvi II class missiles are codenamed Dhanush.                                                            PRITHVI MISSILE SYSTEM
  • The Prithvi is said to have its propulsion technology derived from the Soviet SA-2 surface-to-air missile. Variants make use of either liquid or both liquid and solid fuels.
  • Developed as a battlefield missile, it could carry a nuclear warhead in its role as a tactical nuclear weapon.

VARIANTS OF PRITHVI

PRITHVI I

  • Prithvi I (SS 150) was a single stage liquid-fuelled surface-to-surface missile with a maximum warhead payload of 1,000 kg and a range of 150 km.
  • It had an accuracy of 10 — 50 metres and was launched from transporter erector launchers. This class of Prithvi missiles was inducted into the Indian Army in 1994.

PRITHVI II

  • Prithvi II (SS 250) class was a single stage liquid-fuelled missile with maximum payload of 300 kg, but with an extended range of 250 kilometres.
  • It was developed with the Indian Air Force being the primary user.                                      PRITHVI MISSILE SYSTEM
  • It was first test-fired on January 27, 1996 and the development stages were completed in 2004. The Prithvi II class of missiles was inducted into the Army as well as the Air Force.

PRITHVI III

  • Prithvi III class is a solid fuelled version with a longer-range of 350 km. and was successfully test fired in 2004.
  • It is a two stage, solid fuel, road-mobile, short range, surface to surface missile.                                    PRITHVI MISSILE SYSTEM

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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

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