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PRELIMS FACTS 25-05-2018

FACT # 1


Why in news? The Singchung Bugun Community Reserve has won the India Biodiversity Award 2018.

India Biodiversity Award 2018:

  • Majority of Arunachal Pradesh’s forests are owned by the tribal communities, apart from the “preserved” or “notified” forests identified by the government.
  • These forests are inhabited by the Bugun tribe in Arunachal Pradesh’s West Kameng district.
  • In January 2017, the tribal members of the Bugun community of Singchung Village joined hands with the Forest Department to launch the Singchung Bugun Community Reserve (SBVCR).
  • It was instituted under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • The SBVCR is a 17 square kilometre hotspot for biodiversity.
  • 10 village boys take turns every week to patrol a 17 square kilometre special area.
  • They are trained by the Special Task Force of the Tamil Nadu police, the local youth are voluntary participants in what is probably the state’s first government-community collaboration in the forest conservation sector.
  • It has won the India Biodiversity Award 2018 in the “Conservation of wildlife species” category conferred by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA).
  • It was presented by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change in association with the United Nations Development Programme in Hyderabad.


India Biodiversity Awards:

  • India is one of the mega-diverse countries in the world and home to nearly eight percent of the world’s total recorded species of plants and animals.
  • Across the country, people, communities and governments have played an outstanding and innovative role in conserving India’s rich heritage.
  • Government of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in association with UNDP India, therefore, started the India Biodiversity Awards in 2012, to recognise excellence in biodiversity governance across the country.
  • The first round of Awards was launched in 2012 during India’s Presidency of the Eleventh Meeting of Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.

FACT # 2


Why in news? Human Resource Development Ministry has recently launched Samagra Shiksha scheme for school education.

Samagra Shiksha scheme:

  • Human Resource Development Ministry has recently launched Samagra Shiksha scheme for school education.
  • The scheme focuses on improving quality of education, enhancing the Learning outcomes and using technology to empower children and teachers.
  • An annual grant of five thousand to 20 thousand rupees will be provided for strengthening libraries in schools.
  • The scheme will be focus on digital education.
  • Samagra Shiksha is an overarching program for boosting quality school education with the inclusion of:
    • Digital technology
    • introducing skill development at the school level
  • Samagra Shiksha is a program that unifies learning from the pre-school to class 12 levels and encapsulates elements of the:
    • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
    • Rashtriya Madhyamk Shiksha Abhiyan
    • teacher education
  • The objectives of the scheme include:
    • provision of quality education
    • enhancing learning outcomes of students
    • bridging social and gender gaps in school education
    • promoting vocationalisation of education
    • strengthening teacher education institutions like SCERTs and Diets to improve quality of teachers
  • An annual grant of Rs 5,000 to Rs 20,000 per school will be provided for strengthening of libraries
  • The Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan aims to treat education holistically as a continuum from pre-school to class 12.
  • It will provide quality education to equip all children with varied skills and knowledge essential for their development.

FACT # 3


Why in news? India and Nepal conduct ‘Surya Kiran’ military exercise annually to boost counter-terror cooperation.

Surya Kiran XIII:

  • Armies of India and Nepal will carry out a two-week long military exercise known as Surya Kiran XIII, in 2018 at Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh region.
  • It aims to deepen counter-terror cooperation.
  • The ‘Surya Kiran’ exercise is expected to enhance the level of defence cooperation between the two militaries.
  • The focus of the exercise will be to enhance cooperation in conducting counter-terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.
  • Around 300 soldiers from Nepal and equal numbers from India are expected to participate in the exercise.
  • Indian and Nepal Army would be sharing their experiences gained during the conduct of various counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations.
  • The joint military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation which will further strengthen the bilateral relations between the two nations.

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