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PRELIMS FACTS 24-05-2018

FACT # 1

The National Sports University Bill, 2017


Why in news? India will soon have its first sports university in Imphal.


India’s first sports university:

  • The Union Cabinet has approved an ordinance to set up the country’s first national sports university in
  • The Manipur government has allocated land for the proposed university.
  • A void exists in the sports environment of the country in various areas such as sports science, sports technology, high performance training.
  • The proposed university is expected to bridge this gap.


The National Sports University Bill, 2017:

  • The Bill establishes a National Sports University located in Manipur.
  • It will promote sports education in the areas of:
    • sports sciences
    • sports technology
    • sports management
    • sports coaching
  • It will function as a national training centre for select sports disciplines.
  • It may also establish campuses and study centres in other parts of the country.
  • The University will be empowered to grant degrees, diplomas and certificates.
  • The key objectives of the University are:
    • research, development and dissemination of knowledge in physical education and sports sciences
    • strengthening physical education and sports training programmes
    • generating knowledge capabilities, skills and competence at various levels
    • training talented athletes to help them to evolve into international level athletes
  • The Executive Council: The Executive Council will conduct all of the University’s administrative affairs.
  • The members of the Executive Council will include:
    • the Vice-Chancellor (appointed by the central government)
    • Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor, Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
    • four persons from amongst eminent sports persons, among others
  • Functions of the Council include:
    • creating academic and non-academic posts
    • managing and regulating the University’s finances and property
    • partnering with industry and non-government agencies for advancement of knowledge

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FACT # 2

Ganga Prahari

Why in news? Union Government has launched database for Ganga Praharis for conservation of biodiversity near Ganga.

Ganga praharis:

  • The biodiversity of the Ganga River is under stress due to reduced water availability, habitat degradation, pollution, and unsustainable resource extraction.
  • To conserve the ecological integrity of the Ganga River and reduce the direct dependency of the local communities on the river, the National Mission for Clean Ganga-Wildlife Institute of India has stated this project.
  • It is involving members of the local community in the five Ganga states (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal) as guardians of the river who will henceforth be known as Ganga Praharis.
  • The aim of this initiative is to establish a motivated cadre of “Ganga Prahari” to support the local level institutions.
  • They will also monitor the quality of the natural resources of the river by mobilizing local communities at the grassroots level.
  • Their ultimate objective is to restore the Nirmal and Aviral Dhara.
  • This can be achieved by:
    • Creating awareness about the benefits of a clean Ganga and create a sense of belongingness among people towards the Ganga River.
    • Linking local communities and their livelihoods with the overall efforts of various agencies working for a clean Ganga.
    • To create a convergence point at grass roots level for such efforts.
  • The Ganga Praharis have been identified through a series of site level consultative meetings and workshops held in select villages, located on the bank of the Ganga River.
  • Focus has been made to identify self-motivated individuals who can mobilize others in Ganga conservation efforts.
  • Additionally, the local communities, have been approached through other agencies like State Forest Departments, Educational Institutes, National Cadet Corps (NCC), etc.
  • These ‘Praharis’ have to be above 18 years of age on the date of joining the project, preferably from the Ganga River side villages.
  • The younger school students, too, have been recruited for Bal Ganga Praharis which will be launched soon.

FACT # 3

Comprehensive Telecom Development Plan (CTDP)


Why in news? Union Cabinet has approved implementation of Comprehensive Telecom Development Plan (CTDP) Project for North Eastern Region (NER) in Meghalaya.


Comprehensive Telecom Development Plan (CTDP):

  • Union Cabinet has approved implementation of Comprehensive Telecom Development Plan (CTDP) Project for North Eastern Region (NER) in Meghalaya.
  • It aims to improve mobile services in the region.
  • It will be funded by Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF).
  • Features of the scheme:
    • Provision of 2G+4G mobile coverage in identified uncovered areas of the State of Meghalaya
    • Provision of 2G+4G seamless mobile coverage along the National Highways in Meghalaya
  • Benefits:
    • Strengthening of telecom network will result in increased penetration of mobile connectivity in Meghalaya resulting in affordable and equitable access of communication, information and governance to people.
    • Providing access to public mobile network to hitherto unreached people of Meghalaya will empower citizens with benefits of ICTs for furthering socio-economic developments.
    • The innovative skill of uncovered areas will increase through broadband and internet access.

Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF):

  • This fund was established in 2002.
  • It provides subsidies to ensure telegraph services are provided to everyone across India, especially in the rural and remote areas.
  • It is headed by the USOF Administrator who reports to the Secretary, Department of Telecommunications (DoT).
  • The funds come from the Universal Service Levy (USL) of 5% charged from all the telecom operators on their Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) which are then deposited into the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • But these require prior parliamentary approval to be dispatched.
  • The USOF works through a bidding process, where funds are given to the enterprise quoting the lowest bid.

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