Why in news? World Humanitarian Day was recently observed internationally on August 19.
World Humanitarian Day:
World Humanitarian Dayis a day dedicated to recognize humanitarian personnel and those who have lost their lives working for humanitarian causes.
It was designated by the United Nations General Assemblyas part of a Swedish-sponsored GA Resolution on the Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Assistance of the United Nations, and set as 19 August.
It marks the day on which the then Special Representative of the Secretary-Generalto Iraq, Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 of his colleagues were killed in the bombing of the UN Headquarters in Baghdad.
The day honors all humanitarians who have worked in the promotion of the humanitarian cause, and those who have lost their lives in the cause of duty.
It aims to increase public awareness about humanitarian assistance activities worldwide and the importance of international cooperation.
Since 2009, this day is observed annually by humanitarian community to ensure safety and security of humanitarian aid workers and for the survival, well-being and dignity of people affected by crisis.
World Humanitarian Day was commemorated for the first time on 19 August 2009. Subsequent years have focused on a particular theme.
FACT # 2
HELINA GUIDED BOMBS, SAAW
Why in news? Indigenously developed Helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) ‘HELINA’ and ‘SAAW’ were recently successfully flight tested by the Indian Army.
HELINA is indigenously developed weapon system which was successfully flight tested from an Army helicopter in the desert areas of Pokhran in Rajasthan.
The missile is guided by an Infrared Imaging Seeker (IIR) operating in the Lock-on-Before-Launch mode.
It is one of the most advanced anti-tank weapons in the world.
It is the helicopter-launched version of NAG and has a hit range of 7-8 km.
It works on “fire and forget” principle and operates in Lock on Before Launch mode.
It is equipped with highly advanced Imaging Infrared Radar (IIR) seeker along with integrated avionics.
This technology is possessed by very few nations.
It also possesses advanced passive homing guidance system.
It has been designed mainly to destroy modern main battle tanks and other heavily armoured targets.
The production and induction of the missile are likely to happen in 2019.
Guided Bombs, SAAW:
Defence scientists also flight tested the indigenously designed and developed guided bombs (Smart Anti Airfield Weapon SAAW) from an IAF aircraft at the Chandan range.
The DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon(SAAW) is a long-range precision-guided anti-airfield weapon currently being developed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
It is designed to be capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 kilometres (62 mi).
It is a lightweight high precision guided bomb designed to destroy ground targets, such as runways, bunkers, aircraft hangersand other reinforced structures.
Weighing 120 kg it has deep penetration capabilities, carries a high explosivewarhead and has a standoff range of 100 kilometres.
It will allow users to strike targets, such as enemy airfields, at a safe distance without putting pilots and aircraft at risk.
It is India’s first fully indigenous anti-airfield weapon.
FACT # 3
2018 ASIAN GAMES
Why in news? Asian games 2018 were recently concluded in Indonesia.
It is pan-continental multi-sporting event held every four years between athletes from all over Asia.
It is also known as Asiad.
It is second largest multi-sport event after Olympic Games.
The first Asian Games were held in New Delhi, India in 1951.
The next games (19th edition) are scheduled to Hangzhou, China between 10 and 25 September 2022.
Asian games 2018:
The 2018 Asian Games also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport eventbeing held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.
For the first time, the Asian Gamesare being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta and Palembang.
Also for the first time, eSportsand canoe polo will be contested as demonstration sports.
eSports is expected to be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.
Trio of Bhin Bhin (bird of paradise), Kaka (one horned rhino) and Atung (deer) are mascots of 2018 Asian Games.
These three represent east, west and and centre of country and they have dress traditional to each locality.
This edition of Asian Games was originally scheduled to be hosted by Vietnam in Hanoi, but it had withdrawn its bid citing reason of economic considerations.
Following Vietnam’s withdrawal, Indonesia proposed to host 18th Asian Games.
Wrestler Bajrang Punia (24) won India’s first gold medal at the 18th edition of the Asian games.
Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar were first Indian athletes to win medals in 2018 Asian Games.
Both had won bronze medal in mixed team rifle shooting event.