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PRELIMS FACTS 21-08-2018

FACT # 1



Why in news? World Humanitarian Day was recently observed internationally on August 19.


World Humanitarian Day:

  • World Humanitarian Dayis a day dedicated to recognize humanitarian personnel and those who have lost their lives working for humanitarian causes.
  • It was designated by the United Nations General Assemblyas part of a Swedish-sponsored GA Resolution on the Strengthening of the Coordination of Emergency Assistance of the United Nations, and set as 19 August.
  • It marks the day on which the then Special Representative of the Secretary-Generalto Iraq, Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 of his colleagues were killed in the bombing of the UN Headquarters in Baghdad.
  • The day honors all humanitarians who have worked in the promotion of the humanitarian cause, and those who have lost their lives in the cause of duty.
  • It aims to increase public awareness about humanitarian assistance activities worldwide and the importance of international cooperation.
  • Since 2009, this day is observed annually by humanitarian community to ensure safety and security of humanitarian aid workers and for the survival, well-being and dignity of people affected by crisis.
  • World Humanitarian Day was commemorated for the first time on 19 August 2009. Subsequent years have focused on a particular theme.



FACT # 2



Why in news? Indigenously developed Helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) ‘HELINA’ and ‘SAAW’ were recently successfully flight tested by the Indian Army.



  • HELINA is indigenously developed weapon system which was successfully flight tested from an Army helicopter in the desert areas of Pokhran in Rajasthan.
  • The missile is guided by an Infrared Imaging Seeker (IIR) operating in the Lock-on-Before-Launch mode.
  • It is one of the most advanced anti-tank weapons in the world.
  • It is the helicopter-launched version of NAG and has a hit range of 7-8 km.
  • It works on “fire and forget” principle and operates in Lock on Before Launch mode.
  • It is equipped with highly advanced Imaging Infrared Radar (IIR) seeker along with integrated avionics.
  • This technology is possessed by very few nations.
  • It also possesses advanced passive homing guidance system.
  • It has been designed mainly to destroy modern main battle tanks and other heavily armoured targets.
  • The production and induction of the missile are likely to happen in 2019.


Guided Bombs, SAAW:

  • Defence scientists also flight tested the indigenously designed and developed guided bombs (Smart Anti Airfield Weapon SAAW) from an IAF aircraft at the Chandan range.
  • The DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon(SAAW) is a long-range precision-guided anti-airfield weapon currently being developed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • It is designed to be capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 kilometres (62 mi).
  • It is a lightweight high precision guided bomb designed to destroy ground targets, such as runways, bunkers, aircraft hangersand other reinforced structures.
  • Weighing 120 kg it has deep penetration capabilities, carries a high explosivewarhead and has a standoff range of 100 kilometres.
  • It will allow users to strike targets, such as enemy airfields, at a safe distance without putting pilots and aircraft at risk.
  • It is India’s first fully indigenous anti-airfield weapon.

FACT # 3

2018 ASIAN GAMES            

Why in news? Asian games 2018 were recently concluded in Indonesia.


Asian games:

  • It is pan-continental multi-sporting event held every four years between athletes from all over Asia.
  • It is also known as Asiad.
  • It is second largest multi-sport event after Olympic Games.
  • The first Asian Games were held in New Delhi, India in 1951.
  • The next games (19th edition) are scheduled to Hangzhou, China between 10 and 25 September 2022.


Asian games 2018:

  • The 2018 Asian Games also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport eventbeing held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.
  • For the first time, the Asian Gamesare being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta and Palembang.
  • Also for the first time, eSportsand canoe polo will be contested as demonstration sports.
  • eSports is expected to be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.
  • Trio of Bhin Bhin (bird of paradise), Kaka (one horned rhino) and Atung (deer) are mascots of 2018 Asian Games.
  • These three represent east, west and and centre of country and they have dress traditional to each locality.
  • This edition of Asian Games was originally scheduled to be hosted by Vietnam in Hanoi, but it had withdrawn its bid citing reason of economic considerations.
  • Following Vietnam’s withdrawal, Indonesia proposed to host 18th Asian Games.
  • Wrestler Bajrang Punia (24) won India’s first gold medal at the 18th edition of the Asian games.
  • Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar were first Indian athletes to win medals in 2018 Asian Games.
  • Both had won bronze medal in mixed team rifle shooting event.

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